Brunella Pilato

Learn More
Epigenetic regulation, has been very scarcely explored in familial breast cancer (BC). In the present study RASSF1A and RAR beta promoter methylation and miR17, miR21, miR 124, and let-7a expression were investigated to highlight possible differences of epigenetic regulation between male and female familial BC, also in comparison with sporadic BC. These(More)
Angiogenesis leads to the formation of blood vessels from pre-existing ones, allowing tumor growth. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Angiopoietins (Ang-1, Ang-2) have a pivotal role in tumor angiogenesis but few data regarding their role in hereditary breast cancer are available. The aim of the present study was to analyze Ang-1, Ang-2,(More)
Germline mutations of high penetrant BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have been associated to hereditary breast cancer risk, while polymorphic variants of the two genes still have an unknown role in breast pathogenesis. The aim of our study was to characterize BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes polymorphic variants in familial breast cancer. 110 patients affected by familial(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a frequent neoplasia which still misses a therapeutical gold standard. Recently, new acquisitions in cancerogenesis process evidenced the genetic and epigenetic alterations of genes involved in the different metabolic pathways of liver cancer suggesting that antibodies, small molecules, demethylating agents, etc.(More)
Numerous genetic factors that influence breast cancer risk are known. However, approximately two-thirds of the overall familial risk remain unexplained. To determine whether some of the missing heritability is due to rare variants conferring high to moderate risk, we tested for an association between the c.5791C>T nonsense mutation (p.Arg1931*; rs144567652)(More)
The low molecular weight (LMW) serum proteome (<15 kDa) is the most generally informative from a medical point of view. Different sample pre-treatment approaches and devices for serum depletion in high-abundant proteins were tested in order to analyze, by MALDI-TOF-MS (both in "linear" and "reflectron" acquisition mode), the serum low molecular weight(More)
Understanding of BRCA1/2 interaction with the base excision repair (BER) pathway could improve therapy based on 'synthetic lethality', whose effectiveness is based on homologous recombination deficiency in cells lacking functional BRCA genes. However, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors failed in some patients and for this reason we explored BER(More)
Technological advances have led to the introduction of next-generation sequencing (NGS) platforms in cancer investigation. NGS allows massive parallel sequencing that affords maximal tumor genomic assessment. NGS approaches are different, and concern DNA and RNA analysis. DNA sequencing includes whole-genome, whole-exome, and targeted sequencing, which(More)
We previously showed that about 80% of breast cancer patients at high risk to carry mutation in BRCA genes presented at least one polymorphism in these genes which resulted potentially harmful by in silico analysis. In the present paper, the genealogic transmission of those polymorphic coding and noncoding variants of BRCA genes in family’s members has been(More)
Human ERBB2 presents several SNPs. One of these, Ile655Val, introduces a structural change in the transmembrane region of ERBB2 and has been the focus of debate over its potential role as a susceptibility marker for breast cancer risk. Another SNP, Ala1170Pro, introduces a structural change in the carboxyl-terminal regulatory domain of the protein, but its(More)