Brunella Grigolo

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INTRODUCTION Cell therapy is a rapidly growing area of research for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). This work is aimed to investigate the efficacy of intra-articular adipose-derived stromal cell (ASC) injection in the healing process on cartilage, synovial membrane and menisci in an experimental rabbit model. METHODS The induction of OA was(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been advocated as one treatment for cartilage tissue regeneration. To date, several different platelet-rich formulations have been available, but a deep knowledge of their composition and mechanism of action in a specific clinical use is needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of various PRP(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to determine the effectiveness of cartilage repair utilizing 1-step surgery with bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) and a collagen I/III matrix (Chondro-Gide, Geistlich, Wolhusen, Switzerland). MATERIALS AND METHODS We prospectively followed up for 2 years 15 patients (mean age, 48 years) who were operated for(More)
PRP cryopreservation remains a controversial point. Our purpose was to investigate the effect of freezing/thawing on PRP molecule release, and its effects on the metabolism of chondrocytes and synoviocytes. PRP was prepared from 10 volunteers, and a half volume underwent one freezing/thawing cycle. IL-1β, HGF, PDGF AB/BB, TGF-β1, and VEGF were assayed 1(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of glucosamine on matrix metalloprotease (MMP) production, on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation, and on activator protein (AP)-1 transcription factor activation in human chondrocytes. The human immortalized cell line lbpva55 and healthy human chondrocytes (obtained from healthy donors)(More)
The decreased immune response associated with aging may, in part, reflect intrinsic age-related biochemical alteration in lymphocytes from older subjects. The 'reactive oxygen species hypothesis' of aging postulates that these molecules are involved in the modifications leading to cellular senescence. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), and in particular the(More)
Promising new therapies based on tissue engineering have been recently developed for cartilage repair. The association of biomaterials with autologous chondrocytes expanded in vitro can represent a useful tool to regenerate this tissue. The scaffolds utilised in such therapeutical applications should provide a pre-formed three-dimensional shape, prevent(More)
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is a low-cost procedure to deliver high concentrations of autologous growth factors (GFs). Platelet activation is a crucial step that might influence the availability of bioactive molecules and therefore tissue healing. Activation of PRP from ten voluntary healthy males was performed by adding 10% of CaCl 2 , 10% of autologous(More)
In clinical orthopedics suitable materials that induce and restore biological functions together with the right mechanical properties are particularly needed for the regeneration of osteochondral lesions. For this purpose, the ideal scaffold should possess the right properties with respect to degradation, cell binding, cellular uptake, non-immunogenicity,(More)