Bruna Facinelli

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Streptococcus suis, a major porcine pathogen, is emerging as a zoonotic agent capable of causing severe invasive disease in humans exposed to pigs or pork products. S. suis infection is rare in industrialised countries and usually arises as sporadic cases, with meningitis the most common clinical presentation in humans. Recent reports of two cases of(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes infections often fail to respond to antibiotic therapy, leading to persistent throat carriage and recurrent infections. Such failures cannot always be explained by the occurrence of antibiotic resistance determinants, and it has been suggested that S. pyogenes may enter epithelial cells to escape antibiotic treatment. We investigated(More)
Breast-fed children, compared with the bottle-fed ones, have a lower incidence of acute gastroenteritis due to the presence of several antiinfective factors in human milk. The aim of this work is to study the ability of human milk oligosaccharides to prevent infections related to some common pathogenic bacteria. Oligosaccharides of human milk were(More)
VanA-type human (n=69), animal (n=49), and food (n=36) glycopeptide-resistant enterococci (GRE) from different geographic areas were investigated to study their possible reservoirs and transmission routes. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) revealed two small genetically related clusters, M39 (n=4) and M49 (n=13), representing Enterococcus faecium(More)
LY333328 is a semisynthetic N-alkyl derivative of LY264826, a naturally occurring structural analog of vancomycin. LY333328 was evaluated for its in vitro inhibitory and bactericidal activities in comparison with those of the two currently available glycopeptides (vancomycin and teicoplanin). Glycopeptide-susceptible test strains included a total of 311(More)
UNLABELLED Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may lead to hepatic fibrosis. Dietary habits affect gut microbiota composition, whereas endotoxins produced by Gram-negative bacteria stimulate hepatic fibrogenesis. However, the mechanisms of action and the potential effect of microbiota in the liver are still unknown. Thus, we sought to analyze whether(More)
BACKGROUND An increase in erythromycin resistance rates among group A streptococci has been reported in some European countries. These bacteria, long thought to be extracellular pathogens, can be efficiently internalised by, and survive within, human cells of respiratory-tract origin. Macrolide antibiotics enter eukaryotic cells, whereas beta-lactams are(More)
By cloning studies and complementation experiments, the sulfonamide resistance gene of a serogroup B and serotype 15 (B:15) strain of Neisseria meningitidis was localized to a 1.2-kb chromosomal SspI fragment expressing a drug-resistant dihydropteroate synthase. The fragment hybridized to DNA from both resistant and susceptible strains, suggesting that the(More)
Bile-resistant bacteria, particularly gram-positive Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium, play an important role in biliary stent occlusion, because their sessile mode of growth protects them against host defenses and antimicrobial agents. Twelve E. faecalis and seven E. faecium strains isolated from occluded biliary stents have been investigated(More)
In mating experiments, the erythromycin resistance methylase gene erm(A) was successfully transferred from erm(A)-positive clinical isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes to macrolide-susceptible recipients of S. pyogenes, Enterococcus faecalis and Listeria innocua. Compared with the SmaI macrorestriction pattern of the S. pyogenes recipient, the patterns of S.(More)