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In this paper, we introduce the Sketch2Cartoon system, which is an automatic cartoon making system by leveraging a novel sketch-based clipart image search engine. Different from existing work, most of which either limited users to the pre-prepared characters or only used keyword queries to search materials, Sketch2Cartoon enables users to sketch major(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate the prevalence of tendon and cartilage calcification as well as its possible predilection for age, sex, or side of involvement in calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease of the knee. METHODS We reviewed 225 lateral knee radiographs from 138 patients (M/F: 85/52, 1 unspecified sex, mean age: 73 yrs) to(More)
BACKGROUND Direct laryngoscopy requires movement of the head, neck, and cervical spine. Spine movement may be limited for anatomic reasons or because of cervical spine injury. The Bullard laryngoscope, a rigid fiberoptic laryngoscope, may cause less neck flexion and head extension than conventional laryngoscopes. The purpose of this study was to compare(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the occurrence of calcification around the triangular fibrocartilage complex in calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS The radiographs of 316 wrists in 181 patients with a definite or probable diagnosis of CPPD disease were reviewed to determine the occurrence of calcification in the(More)
A novel cadaveric model for anterior-inferior shoulder dislocation using forcible apprehension positioning is presented. This model simulates an in vivo mechanism and yields capsulolabral lesions. The scapulae of 14 cadaveric entire upper limbs (82 +/- 9 years, mean +/- standard deviation) were each rigidly fixed to a custom shoulder-testing device. A(More)
During the last three decades, several laser systems, ancillary technologies, and treatment modalities have been developed for the treatment of port wine stains (PWSs). However, approximately half of the PWS patient population responds suboptimally to laser treatment. Consequently, novel treatment modalities and therapeutic techniques/strategies are(More)
BACKGROUND Component mal-positioning may contribute to a poor clinical outcome after hemiarthroplasty. Eccentric head components, recently introduced, allow posterior offset of the humeral head relative to the shaft so the purpose of this study was to determine effects of mal-aligning humeral head offset. MATERIAL/METHODS Five glenohumeral joints were(More)
The treatment of recurrent anterior, posterior, or multidirectional glenohumeral instability by operative closure of the rotator interval has been proposed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether arthroscopic thermal capsuloplasty of the rotator interval with the radiofrequency probe significantly decreases anterior-posterior glenohumeral(More)
BACKGROUND Glenohumeral arthroplasty has produced results far inferior to those seen with hip and knee joint procedures. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical parameters of the glenohumeral joint before and after total shoulder arthroplasty and bipolar hemiarthroplasty in 12 different positions simulating overhead(More)
Accurate and timely assessment of burn wound severity is a critical component of wound management and has implications related to course of treatment. While most superficial burns and full thickness burns are easily diagnosed through visual inspection, burns that fall between these extremes are challenging to classify based on clinical appearance. Because(More)