Bruce Wright

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BACKGROUND Over the last 10 years the number of medical students choosing family medicine as a career has steadily declined. Studies have demonstrated that career preference at the time that students begin medical school may be significantly associated with their ultimate career choice. We sought to identify the career preferences students have at entry to(More)
BACKGROUND Student choice is an important determinant of the distribution of specialties of practising physicians in many countries. Understanding characteristics at entry into medical school that are associated with the choice of residency in family medicine can assist medical schools in admitting an appropriate mix of students to serve the health care(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the factors that medical students report influence them to pursue careers in family medicine. DESIGN Qualitative study using focus groups and interviews and the results of surveys conducted at 3 different points in medical education. SETTING Three medical schools in western Canada: the University of British Columbia in Vancouver,(More)
BACKGROUND Peer-assisted learning has many purported benefits including preparing students as educators, improving communication skills and reducing faculty teaching burden. But comparatively little is known about the effects of teaching on learning outcomes of peer educators in medical education. METHODS One hundred and thirty-five first year medical(More)
BACKGROUND Observational studies suggest that emotions experienced during simulation training may affect cognitive load and learning outcomes. The objective of this study was to manipulate emotions during simulation training and assess the impact on cognitive load and learning. METHODS In this prospective randomized trial, 116 final-year medical students(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine why students switch their career choices during the preclinical years of medical school. DESIGN Two questionnaires were administered: the first at the beginning of medical school and the second about 3 years later just before students entered clinical clerkship. SETTING University of British Columbia, University of Alberta,(More)
BACKGROUND Interest in both general surgery and surgical subspecialties has been declining among Canadian medical students. Studies have shown that a student's desire to practise surgery is largely determined before entry into medical school. As part of a larger study of students' career preferences throughout medical school, we sought to identify the level(More)
OBJECTIVE In Canada, availability of and access to mental health professionals is limited. Only 6.6% of practising physicians are psychiatrists, a situation unlikely to improve in the foreseeable future. Identifying student characteristics present at medical school entry that predict a subsequent psychiatry residency choice could allow targeted recruiting(More)
BACKGROUND Given the looming shortage of physicians in Canada, we wished to determine how closely the career preference of students entering Canadian medical schools was aligned with the current physician mix in Canada. METHODS Career choice information was collected from a survey of 2,896 Canadian medical students upon their entry to medical school. The(More)
BACKGROUND Training in Bayesian reasoning may have limited impact on accuracy of probability estimates. In this study, our goal was to explore whether residents previously exposed to Bayesian reasoning use heuristics rather than Bayesian reasoning to estimate disease probabilities. We predicted that if residents use heuristics then post-test probability(More)