Bruce W. Ritchings

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A broadly conserved membrane-associated protein required for the functional interaction of kinesin-I with axonal cargo was identified. Mutations in sunday driver (syd) and the axonal transport motor kinesin-I cause similar phenotypes in Drosophila, including aberrant accumulations of axonal cargoes. GFP-tagged mammalian SYD localizes to tubulovesicular(More)
Mucin-specific adhesion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa plays an important role in the initial colonization of this organism in the airways of cystic fibrosis patients. We report here that the flagellar cap protein, FliD, participates in this adhesion process. A polar chromosomal insertional mutation in the P. aeruginosa fliD gene made this organism nonadhesive(More)
KLP64D and KLP68D are members of the kinesin-II family of proteins in Drosophila. Immunostaining for KLP68D and ribonucleic acid in situ hybridization for KLP64D demonstrated their preferential expression in cholinergic neurons. KLP68D was also found to accumulate in cholinergic neurons in axonal obstructions caused by the loss of kinesin light chain.(More)
Previous work has demonstrated that fleR, the gene for a transcriptional activator belonging to the NtrC subfamily of response regulators, is involved in the regulation of mucin adhesion and flagellar expression by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This report describes the identification and characterization of fleQ, the gene for another transcriptional regulator(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonizes the mucus of patients with chronic lung diseases by a specific mechanism involving an adhesin-receptor system. Several adhesins have been implicated in the adhesion of P. aeruginosa to cells, but the identity of the principal adhesin(s) involved in adhesion to mucin is unknown. Mutagenesis studies have indicated that P.(More)
This work has identified two genes (designated fleS and fleR) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa which are highly homologous to members of the subclass of two-component systems involved in transcriptional regulation of a diverse array of genes from sigma 54 promoters. The genes are located upstream from fliE, a flagellar gene of P. aeruginosa, and they are arranged(More)
Bacteriophage D3112 is a Mu-like temperate transposable phage of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Genetic mapping and DNA sequence analysis have identified the left end of the phage genome as encoding the transposase enzyme (A) and the lysogenic (c) repressor. The c open reading frame (ORF), located at the leftmost end of the phage genome and transcribed from right(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa adheres to the mucosal surfaces of the lungs. This process appears to be mediated by nonpilus adhesins which bind to mucin. To find this nonpilus adhesin(s), mutagenesis of a nonpiliated mutant of P. aeruginosa with transposon Tn5G, followed by a screen for mucin adhesion, was used to isolate a series of mutants unable to adhere to(More)
Because actin can form a complex in vitro containing both gelsolin and DNase I, gelsolin and DNase I have been assumed to bind independently to actin. Although this assumption is consistent with the known crystalline structures of gelsolin with one actin and of actin with DNase I, which suggest that the binding sites on actin for both gelsolin and DNase I(More)
A guanosine to cytosine transversion at position 2 of the fifth intron of the mitochondrial gene COB blocks the ligation step of splicing. This mutation prevents the formation of a base pair within the P1 helix of this group I intron--the RNA duplex formed between the 3' end of the upstream exon and the internal guide sequence. The mutation also reduces the(More)
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