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The in vitro isolation, propagation, and characterization of duck hepatitis virus Type III (DHV-III), is described. This virus, which is serologically distinct from the classical (Type I) DHV, replicated in liver and kidney cell cultures of duck origin. Replication was limited in chicken and quail kidney and duck embryo fibroblast cultures. It did not(More)
Leukocyte suspensions derived from genetically Marek's disease (MD)-resistant N-line and MD-susceptible P-line chickens were fractionated at various times after exposure to the JM-10 clone of MD virus. At 3 and 5 days post exposure (DPE), during the productive-restrictive (cytolytic) phase, most infected spleen and thymus leukocytes were found to be(More)
We incubated 31 newly established Marek's disease tumor cell lines at 41 degrees C for 48 h after subculturing and then examined them to determine the spontaneous rates of expression of viral internal antigen(s), viral membrane antigen(s), and virus isolation. All but two of the lines were isolated from tumors induced by clone-purified Marek's disease virus(More)
Two experiments with an avian reovirus (FDO isolant), serologically identical to the Fahey-Crawley and WVU 2937 isolants, provided conclusive proof that egg-transmission can occur. In the first experiment, 4-day-old chicken embryos were inoculated into the yolk sac with serial dilutions of virus and subsequently hatched. High virus doses killed all embryos,(More)
Chicken macrophages are susceptible to infection with infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), the level of infection being dependent, in part, on the genotype of the host cell. Following infection in vitro a greater proportion of macrophages from the ILTV-resistant J1(B113/113) and N1(B114/114) inbred lines of chickens were found to be positive for ILTV(More)
A new isolate of Marek's disease virus (MDV) was described. This virus, SB, and a clone, SB-1, differed from pathogenic isolates in in vitro growth characteristics as described for other apathogenic isolates. Serologically, as with other apathogenic isolates, SB could be distinguished from pathogenic MDV and the avirulent turkey herpesvirus. SB failed to(More)
Specific-pathogen-free chickens were infected via the trachea when 4 weeks old with 2000 plaque-forming units (PFU) of the virulent Australian infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) virus strain CSW-1. Titers of ILT virus in the trachea were greatest (10(7.0) PFU/ml in washings, 10(6.0) PFU/g of tissue) 2-4 days postinfection (PI). Infectivity then declined(More)
The concept of pathotype in Marek's disease (MD) probably dates from the recognition of a more virulent form of the disease in the late 1950s (Benton & Cover, 1957). Distinctions between MD virus strains were further expanded with the description of the vv pathotype in the early 1980s and of the vv+ pathotype in the 1990s. Pathotype designations reflect(More)