Bruce T . Tsurutani

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Cassini's successful orbit insertion has provided the first examination of Saturn's magnetosphere in 23 years, revealing a dynamic plasma and magnetic environment on short and long time scales. There has been no noticeable change in the internal magnetic field, either in its strength or its near-alignment with the rotation axis. However, the external(More)
[1] We demonstrate extreme ionospheric response to the large interplanetary electric fields during the ‘‘Halloween’’ storms that occurred on October 29 and 30, 2003. Within a few (2 –5) hours of the time when the enhanced interplanetary electric field impinged on the magnetopause, dayside total electron content increases of 40% and 250% are observed for the(More)
Magnetic field measurements from the Ulysses space mission overthe south polar regions of the sun showed that the structure and properties of the three-dimensional heliosphere were determined by the fast solar wind flow and magnetic fields from the large coronal holes in the polar regions of the sun. This conclusion applies at the current, minimum phase of(More)
Magnetospheric and plasma science studies at Saturn offer a unique opportunity to explore in-depth two types of magnetospheres. These are an ‘induced’ magnetosphere generated by the interaction of Titan with the surrounding plasma flow and Saturn’s ‘intrinsic’ magnetosphere, the magnetic cavity Saturn’s planetary magnetic field creates inside the solar wind(More)
During the interval of August 1978December 1979, 56 unambiguous fast forward shocks were identified using magnetic field and plasma data collected by the ISEE-3 spacecraft. Because this intervaI is at a solar maximum we assume the streams causing these shocks are associated with coronal mass ejections and eruptive solar flares. For these shocks we shall(More)
[1] This paper addresses the question of particular characteristics and causes of intense space storms. We focus on several unresolved issues, which are critical to storm research and often nourish open disputes: the extent of interplanetary driving, the role of substorms in storm dynamics through the acceleration of particles to ring current energies, the(More)
Bipolar pulses of ∼25–100μs in duration have been observed in the wave electric field data obtained by the Wideband plasma wave instrument on the Cluster spacecraft in the dayside magnetosheath. These pulses are similar in almost all respects to those observed on several spacecraft over the last few years. They represent solitary potential structures, and(More)
Two electron heating events have been identified on 20 May 1996 when Polar was in the polar cap/polar cusp boundary layer. The electron heating events were located within magnetic holes/cavities/bubbles and were accompanied by nonlinear ±14 nT peak-to-peak (f∼0.6 to 0.7 fcp) obliquely propagating proton cyclotron waves. The electrons appear to be heated(More)
Alfvén waves, discontinuities, proton perpendicular acceleration and magnetic decreases (MDs) in interplanetary space are shown to be interrelated. Discontinuities are the phase-steepened edges of Alfvén waves. Magnetic decreases are caused by a diamagnetic effect from perpendicularly accelerated (to the magnetic field) protons. The ion acceleration is(More)