Bruce Rutherford

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Regular inhaled beta 2 agonist causes tolerance to the acute protective effect of beta 2 agonist against bronchoconstriction induced by chemical stimuli such as AMP, histamine, and methacholine. We examined a more clinically relevant stimulus, inhaled allergen, in a double-blind, cross-over, random-order trial in 13 mild atopic asthmatics, who had not used(More)
Phentolamine mesylate accelerates recovery from oral soft tissue anesthesia in patients who have received local anesthetic injections containing a vasoconstrictor. The proposed mechanism is that phentolamine, an alpha-adrenergic antagonist, blocks the vasoconstriction associated with the epinephrine used in dental anesthetic formulations, thus enhancing the(More)
BACKGROUND The authors evaluated the safety and efficacy of a formulation of phentolamine mesylate (PM) as a local anesthesia reversal agent for pediatric patients. METHODS A total of 152 pediatric subjects received injections of local anesthetic with 2 percent lidocaine and 1:100,000 epinephrine before undergoing dental procedures. The authors then(More)
BACKGROUND The authors conducted two multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, controlled Phase III clinical trials to study the efficacy and safety of phentolamine mesylate (PM) in shortening the duration and burden of soft-tissue anesthesia. The study involved 484 subjects who received one of four commercially available local anesthetic solutions(More)
Several small (<25aa) peptides have been designed based on the sequence of the dentin phosphoprotein, one of the major noncollagenous proteins thought to be involved in the mineralization of the dentin extracellular matrix during tooth development. These peptides, consisting of multiple repeats of the tripeptide aspartate-serine-serine (DSS), bind with high(More)
BACKGROUND Single doses of inhaled beclomethasone or inhaled cromolyn, given before allergen inhalation, inhibit allergen-induced late asthmatic responses (LARs) and increased airway responsiveness (delta log methacholine PC20). We hypothesized that when given 2 hours after allergen, beclomethasone might work better than cromolyn. METHODS In 10 patients(More)
OraVerse, an injectable formulation of phentolamine mesylate (PM), was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for reversal of anesthesia of the lip and tongue and associated functional deficits resulting from an intraoral submucosal injection of a local anesthetic containing a vasoconstrictor. Because PM had not been approved(More)
Repirinast, a novel ingested antiallergic asthma medication from Japan, was compared versus placebo on airway responsiveness to methacholine and was compared versus placebo and cromolyn on airway responses to allergen. In 14 patients with mild, stable, atopic asthma, we performed a double-blind, double-dummy, random-order trial with ingested repirinast 300(More)
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