Bruce Ramsay

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Shake flask experiments showed that Pseudomonas oleovorans began to be growth inhibited at 4.65 g of sodium octanoate liter, with total inhibition at 6 g liter. In chemostat studies with 2 g of ammonium sulfate and 8 g of octanoate liter in the feed, the maximum specific growth rate was 0.51 h, and the maximum specific rate of poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoate(More)
This paper presents a review of the existing fermentation processes for the production of medium-chain-length poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates (MCL-PHAs). These biodegradable polymers are usually produced most efficiently from structurally related carbon sources such as alkanes and alkanoic acids. Unlike alkanoic acids, alkanes exhibit little toxicity but their low(More)
Pseudomonas resinovorans produced poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) when grown on hydrocarbons but not on glucose. In a chemostat culture, the PHA composition was beta-hydroxybutyrate (C4)-beta-hydroxyhexanoate (C6)-beta-hydroxyoctanoate (C8)-beta-hydroxydecanoate (C10) (1:15:75:9) on octanoate and C4-C6-C8-C10 (8:62:23:7) on hexanoic acid. Contrary to the(More)
Pseudomonas putida KT2440 grew on glucose at a specific rate of 0.48 h−1 but accumulated almost no poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates (PHA). Subsequent nitrogen limitation on nonanoic acid resulted in the accumulation of only 27% medium-chain-length PHA (MCL-PHA). In contrast, exponential nonanoic acid-limited growth (μ = 0.15 h−1) produced 70 g l−1 biomass(More)
A methodology was developed for the extraction of medium-chain-length poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHA) from Pseudomonas putida. It was determined that if dry P. putida biomass containing mcl-PHA was washed in 20 volumes of methanol for 5 min followed by Soxhlet extraction in 10 volumes of acetone for 5 h, almost all of the PHA could be recovered with no(More)
The addition of composted PAH-contaminated soil to PAH-contaminated soil spiked with 14C-labeled pyrene resulted in rapid mineralization of pyrene (more than 57% after 21 days compared with 3.4% in unamended soil). The addition of the humic acid fraction of the composted soil also increased the mineralization potential of the soil significantly, but to a(More)
The potential of Pseudomonas pseudoflava to produce poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from pentoses was studied. This organism was able to use a hydrolysate from the hemicellulosic fraction of poplar wood as a carbon and energy source for its growth. However, in batch cultures, growth was inhibited completely at hydrolysate concentrations higher than 30%(More)
Alcaligenes latus, Alcaligenes eutrophus, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas pseudoflava, Pseudomonas cepacia, and Micrococcus halodenitrificans were found to accumulate poly-(beta-hydroxybutyric-co-beta-hydroxyvaleric) acid [P(HB-co-HV)] copolymer when supplied with glucose (or sucrose in the case of A. latus) and propionic acid under nitrogen-limited(More)
Experiments were conducted to determine the effects of composting or simple addition of compost to the mineralization of n-hexadecane, pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene in soil. Soil (contaminated or clean) was composted with maple leaves and alfalfa. Samples from different composting phases were spiked with radiolabeled and cold n-hexadecane, pyrene or(More)
The effects of the C/N ratio, CaCO3 and PO4 addition, and temperature profile on reactor-based composting of weathered hydrocarbon-contaminated soil were evaluated in a series of 30-day tests in temperature-controlled mini-composters. Soil containing 17,000 mg (kg dry soil)−1 mineral oil and grease (MOG) was composted with maple leaves and alfalfa. Although(More)