Bruce R. Yacyshyn

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BACKGROUND Variability in endoscopic assessment necessitates rigorous investigation of descriptors for scoring severity of ulcerative colitis (UC). OBJECTIVE To evaluate variation in the overall endoscopic assessment of severity, the intra- and interindividual variation of descriptive terms and to create an Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Index of Severity(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) plays an important role in the trafficking and activation of leukocytes and is up-regulated in inflamed mucosa in Crohn's disease. ISIS 2302 is an antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide that inhibits ICAM-1 expression. The aim of this study was to obtain preliminary assessment of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotide alicaforsen (ISIS 2302) in Crohn's disease. METHODS Active (Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) 200-350), steroid dependent (prednisone 10-40 mg) Crohn's patients were randomised into three treatment(More)
The clinical benefit of Cyclosporine A (CsA) in IBD is controversial. Drugs including CsA are substrates of the P-glycoprotein-170 (Pgp-170) cell surface pump. Although the mechanism of action of CsA is complex, we determined that Pgp-170 might be expressed differentially between these two diseases. Intra-epithelial, lamina propria and peripheral blood(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We studied the reliability of the previously described Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Index of Severity (UCEIS) and validated it with an independent cohort of investigators. METHODS We created a new library of 57 videos of flexible sigmoidoscopy and stratified them based on disease severity. Twenty-five investigators were each randomly(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS It is not clear what induction dose of mesalamine is optimal for treating patients with mildly and moderately active ulcerative colitis (UC). This study was conducted to determine the efficacy and safety of mesalamine 4.8 g/day compared with 2.4 g/day for the treatment of moderately active UC. METHODS A multicenter, randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of alicaforsen, a first-generation antisense inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule 1, with placebo in subjects with active Crohn's disease, a disorder in which intercellular adhesion molecule 1 is overexpressed. METHODS In 2 identical double-masked, placebo-controlled(More)
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is principally responsible for hospital acquired, antibiotic-induced diarrhea and colitis and represents a significant financial burden on our healthcare system. Little is known about C. difficile proliferation requirements, and a better understanding of these parameters is critical for development of new therapeutic(More)
P-glycoprotein 170 encoded by the MDR-1 gene mediates export of substrates including some immunosuppressive drugs. Rapamycin was compared to cyclosporine A for its ability to inhibit P-glycoprotein on normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Rhodamine 123 dye efflux measures P-glycoprotein activity and inhibition of P-glycoprotein results in(More)
We have previously reported the presence of monoclonal, tumor-related B lineage cells in the blood of myeloma patients. The cells are continuously differentiating, and the majority are at a very late stage of B cell differentiation into plasma cells, consistent with the hypothesis that they comprise a precursor cell subset responsible for disseminating and(More)