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Medical radiation exposure of the U.S. population has not been systematically evaluated for almost 25 y. In 1982, the per capita dose was estimated to be 0.54 mSv and the collective dose 124,000 person-Sv. The preliminary estimates of the NCRP Scientific Committee 6-2 medical subgroup are that, in 2006, the per capita dose from medical exposure (not(More)
Experimental simulations for tomotherapy beam delivery were performed using a computer-controlled phantom positioner, a cylindrical phantom, and a 6 MV x-ray slit beam. Both continuous helical beam and sequential segmented tomotherapy (SST) beam deliveries were evaluated. Beam junctioning problem due to couch indexing error or field width errors presented(More)
PURPOSE After contaminated radioactive linens were detected on the completion of intracranial brachytherapy for a patient episodically incontinent of urine, the systemic absorption of iodine 125 from the GliaSite Radiation Therapy System was studied. Diffusion and leakage of (125)I through the walls of the GliaSite balloon catheter have previously been(More)
Assessing the strength of individual seed-type sources in ribbon assembles remains a challenge in brachytherapy quality assurance. Geometries to measure a single source in the ribbon usually fail because of low signals if using very thick shielding to block the radiation from the other sources, or contributions from all the other sources if they are not(More)
Yttrium-90 microsphere brachytherapy of the liver exploits the distinctive features of the liver anatomy to treat liver malignancies with beta radiation and is gaining more wide spread clinical use. This report provides a general overview of microsphere liver brachytherapy and assists the treatment team in creating local treatment practices to provide safe(More)
The U.S. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements and United Nations Scientific Committee on Effects of Atomic Radiation each conducted respective assessments of all radiation sources in the United States and worldwide. The goal of this article is to summarize and combine the results of these two publicly available surveys and to compare(More)
A robot designed for prostate brachytherapy implantations has the potential to greatly improve treatment success. Much of the research in robotic surgery focuses on measuring accuracy. However, there exist many factors that must be optimized before an analysis of needle placement accuracy can be determined. Some of these parameters include choice of the(More)
The goals of this task group are to examine the current high dose-rate (HDR) treatment delivery practices and to prepare a document to assure safe delivery of HDR treatments. The document consists of detailed HDR procedures for design of an HDR brachytherapy program, staffing and training, treatment specific quality assurance, and emergency procedures. The(More)
The decision to use five high dose rate intracavitary (HDR-ICR) insertions at weekly intervals for invasive carcinoma of the cervix treated at the University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center (UWCCC) was made clinically. It was based on practical considerations and on previous clinical experience worldwide which showed that between 2 and 16(More)
A pilot trial (S2) was conducted at the University of Wisconsin to determine the feasibility, efficacy, and toxicity of hyperfractionated high dose rate endobronchial radiation. To avoid multiple bronchoscopies, an optimized hyperfractionated schema was derived from the linear-quadratic model. Utilizing a single bronchoscopy, 31 patients with malignant(More)