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A 130-kD protein that coimmunoprecipitates with the tight junction protein ZO-1 was bulk purified from Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells and subjected to partial endopeptidase digestion and amino acid sequencing. A resulting 19-amino acid sequence provided the basis for screening canine cDNA libraries. Five overlapping clones contained a single open(More)
The effects of different concentrations of the actin-disrupting drug cytochalasin D on tight junction permeability and distribution of actin filaments in MDCK epithelial cells were examined. Consistent with previous studies, 2 micrograms/ml cytochalasin D caused a significant decrease in transepithelial resistance, indicative of an increase in tight(More)
The tight junction forms a regulated barrier in the paracellular pathway between epithelial and endothelial cells. This intercellular junction also demarcates the compositionally distinct apical and basolateral membranes. While the existence of a paracellular barrier in epithelia was hypothesized by physiologists over a century ago, the molecular(More)
The tight junction, or zonula occludens (ZO), forms a semi-permeable barrier in the paracellular pathway in most vertebrate epithelia. The ZO is the apical-most member of a series of intercellular junctions, collectively known as the junctional complex, found at the interface of the apical and lateral cell surface. This structure not only restricts movement(More)
ZO-1 is a high molecular mass phosphoprotein peripherally associated with the cytoplasmic surface of tight junctions in epithelial and endothelial cells. We report here that ZO-1 is also present in several nonepithelial cell types in vitro that are not believed to form tight junctions, including primary cultures of astrocytes, Schwann cells, and dermal(More)
The immunofluorescent distribution of ZO-1, a tight junction-associated protein, was studied in murine circumventricular organs. These regions generally express a less restrictive blood-brain barrier than is found in other areas of the CNS. In the remaining brain parenchyma, where a characteristic blood-brain barrier exists, ZO-1 was localized in discrete,(More)
We previously demonstrated that exogenous expression of a truncated form of the tight junction protein ZO-3 affected junctional complex assembly and function. Current results indicate that this ZO-3 construct influences actin cytoskeleton dynamics more globally. We show that expression of the amino-terminal half of ZO-3 (NZO-3) in Madin-Darby canine kidney(More)
The biogenesis of follicles from aggregates of precursor cells is an important morphogenetic process in thyroid embryology. It necessitates the creation of a polarized cell phenotype, assembly of specialized cell-cell junctions, and generation of follicular lumena. In this study we sought to investigate the relationship between cell polarization and lumen(More)
The functional characteristics of the tight junction protein ZO-3 were explored through exogenous expression of mutant protein constructs in MDCK cells. Expression of the amino-terminal, PSD95/dlg/ZO-1 domain-containing half of the molecule (NZO-3) delayed the assembly of both tight and adherens junctions induced by calcium switch treatment or brief(More)