Bruce R S Simpson

Learn More
The CIEMAT/NIST and TDCR methods in liquid scintillation counting, initially developed for the activity standardization of pure-beta radionuclides, have been extended to the standardization of electron capture and beta-gamma radionuclides. Both methods require the calculation of the energy spectrum absorbed by the liquid scintillator. For radionuclides(More)
  • B R S Simpson
  • Applied radiation and isotopes : including data…
  • 2002
South Africa's national radioactivity measurement standard is maintained at a satellite laboratory in Cape Town by the National Metrology Laboratory (NML) of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. Standardizations are undertaken by a number of direct methods utilizing liquid scintillation counting (LSC). The successful application of LSC to the(More)
The measurement of 54Mn and 65Zn by liquid scintillation coincidence counting results in low detection efficiencies. The activity obtained from the extrapolation of efficiency data can therefore become problematic if curvature is present. The simple decay scheme exhibited by these radionuclides, with the emission of an energetic gamma ray, allows the(More)
Four radionuclides with electron-capture-based decay schemes have been directly measured by a liquid scintillation coincidence extrapolation technique. 125I, 192Ir and 65Zn were measured as part of international key comparisons held under the auspices of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM). The 139Ce measurements formed part of a(More)
A comparison exercise for data analysis was recently conducted by the Liquid Scintillation Counting Working Group (LSCWG) of the International Committee on Radionuclide Metrology (ICRM) to evaluate the uncertainties involved in applying different analysis methodologies (including computer programs) for the triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) method.(More)
The paper summarizes the IFIN-HH triple coincidence liquid scintillation counter used for the implementation of the TDCR method. The electronic unit was recently extended to record the three individual double coincidence ratios to take into account the differences in the quantum efficiencies of the three-photomultiplier tubes. Some details of the electronic(More)
(131)I is widely used as a diagnostic radiopharmaceutical and for radiotherapy in the treatment of thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism. Radionuclide/Dose calibrators are used to measure activities for administering to patients. To check the accuracy of calibrators operated by South African nuclear medicine facilities, comparison exercises were conducted(More)
(90)Y microspheres are important therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals used in the treatment of liver cancer through a process known as selective internal radiation therapy. SIR-spheres is a radiopharmaceutical product that is comprised of (90)Y microspheres suspended in sterile, pyrogen-free water for injection into patients. It is necessary to establish for(More)
The activity of the pure beta-emitter phosphorus-33 (33P) has been directly determined by the triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) efficiency calculation technique, thus extending the number of radionuclides that have been standardized by this simple, non-extrapolation liquid scintillation (LS) method. The major advantage of inherently accounting for(More)
The radionuclides 99mTc and 57Co were standardized via absolute liquid scintillation counting techniques. We provide the first technical report on the absolute standardization of 99mTc using 4π(LS)e-γ coincidence counting. The low detection efficiency of low-energy conversion electrons translates into a large efficiency extrapolation range. A simulation(More)