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The increased production of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) in Alzheimer's disease is acknowledged to be a key pathogenic event. In this study, we examined the response of primary human and rat brain cortical cultures to Abeta administration and found a marked increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation content of numerous neuronal proteins, including tau and… (More)
Amino acid sequences of three canine bombesin-like peptides were determined after sequential purification of an extract obtained from 820 g of intestinal muscle. These three peptides contained 27, 23, and 10 amino acid residues. The sequences of the two shorter forms were identical to the corresponding carboxyl-terminal sequence of the heptacosapeptide. The… (More)
Urotensin II, a peptide hormone from the caudal neurosecretory system of the teleost, Gillichthys mirabilis, was isolated by using classical chromatographic techniques and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Direct microtechniques for sequence determination were used to establish its structure. Urotensin II from Gillichthys is a 1363-dalton… (More)
In tissue cultures of normal adult and malignant mammalian cells, homocystine has been substituted for methionine in a medium rich in folic acid and cyanocobalamin. Normal adult cells thrive. Three highly malignant cell types from three different species, including man, die.
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis is a T-cell-mediated, major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II gene-linked autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. To develop therapies that will specifically inactivate only the autoantigen-reactive T cells, mice were treated with soluble MHC class II molecules that had been complexed… (More)
A general method is described for the determination of affinity constants and antigen cross-reactivities of monoclonal antibodies. The method employs biotin-labeled antibody, radiolabeled antigen, and avidin as a precipitating agent in a homogeneous phase, competitive radioimmunoassay. This method eliminates incomplete or variable precipitation of… (More)
The heavy chain of class I molecules of the major histocompatibility complex forms the binding site for antigenic peptides. We describe the binding of a synthetic peptide to the purified heavy chain of the human major histocompatibility complex molecule HLA-A2. The peptide binding capacity is found to be markedly increased if the protein is first partly… (More)