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The increased production of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) in Alzheimer's disease is acknowledged to be a key pathogenic event. In this study, we examined the response of primary human and rat brain cortical cultures to Abeta administration and found a marked increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation content of numerous neuronal proteins, including tau and(More)
The topography of wheatgerm agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase/horseradish peroxidase-labeled mossy fiber terminals of lower thoracic-upper lumbar (T12-L3) spinal projections to the cerebellar anterior lobe was quantitatively analysed in adult rats. Computer-based image analysis mapped the orthogonal (parallel to the surface) distribution of labeled(More)
Neurotrophic factors GDNF and/or IGF-I were chronically infused into shaker mutant rats to rescue cerebellar Purkinje neurons from adult-onset heredodegeneration. The natural expression of the shaker mutation is characterized by spatially restricted degeneration of Purkinje cells that occurs earlier and faster in an anterior vermal compartment and slightly(More)
Cerebellar Purkinje cells degenerate in shaker mutant rats. Glia cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was chronically infused intraventricularly in an attempt to rescue mutant Purkinje cells from dying. Four weeks of chronic GDNF infusion delayed the degeneration of many but not all Purkinje cells. Surviving Purkinje cells formed spatially related(More)
Brainstem inferior olivary neurons, through their olivocerebellar efferent projections, dynamically regulate the structure and function of Purkinje neurons. To test the hypothesis that the inferior olive can epigenetically modify adult-onset hereditary Purkinje cell death, olivocerebellar projections were destroyed by 3-acetylpyridine chemoablation of the(More)
The requirement for cerebellar cortical neuronal activity in the development of spinocerebellar afferent topography was investigated in neonatal rats. In adult rats lower thoracic-upper lumbar spinocerebellar projections are localized to sharply circumscribed patches in the granule cell layer of the cerebellar anterior lobe. In transverse sections these(More)
The 17-amino acid peptide from chicken ovalbumin, Ova(323-339), was labeled at the amino terminus with fluorescein [FOva(323-339)] and near the carboxyl terminus with Texas Red [AcOva(323-338)KTR]. Fluorescence spectroscopy was carried out on resolved electrophoretic bands on nonreducing polyacrylamide gels derived from incubation mixtures containing major(More)
This study reports on the mode of inheritance of the shaker mutation and the development of an inbred strain of the shaker rat mutation from Sprague Dawley outbred stock onto a Wistar Furth background. Neuroanatomical and behavioral expression of the affected phenotype, through seven generations of backcross and intercross breeding, has confirmed the mode(More)
An unusual stress transient was recorded 15 kilometers from the epicenter of the Lytle Creek earthquake in southern California. It was observed at the recording site as an increased shear stress parallel to the fault surface and with the proper sense of shear to have triggered the earthquake. The anomaly began 2 to 4 weeks before the earthquake and lasted(More)