Bruce R. Bistrian

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Ghrelin is a peptide secreted mainly by gastric parietal cells that may play a role in appetite regulation. Circulating ghrelin is abruptly lowered by food intake, but factors involved in ghrelin regulation remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether intravenous glucose infusion lowers ghrelin, and to determine whether glucose, insulin or(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether alterations in host metabolism associated with progressive tumor growth were a result of the anorexia frequently observed with cancer or could be attributed to other direct tumor effects. Rates of tyrosine flux, oxidation, and incorporation into protein, as well as fractional protein-synthetic rates in(More)
Data obtained in vitro suggest that the ability to mobilize fat decreases with age. We determined lipolytic rates in vivo in normal weight young adult (22-33 yr) and elderly (65-77 yr) subjects using a simultaneous infusion of [1,2-13C2]palmitate and [2H5]glycerol. The subjects were studied after a 12-h fast and again after 60-82 h of fasting. When(More)
our knowledge of the relationship between food components and health is now being used to improve food. Strictly speaking, all food is functional, in that it provides energy and nutrients necessary for survival. But the term " functional food " in use today conveys health benefits that extend far beyond mere survival. Food and nutrition science has moved(More)
BACKGROUND Parenteral nutrition (PN), including intravenous lipid administration, is a life-saving therapy but can be complicated by cholestasis and liver disease. The administration of intravenous soy bean oil (SO) has been associated with the development of liver disease, while the administration of intravenous fish oil (FO) has been associated with the(More)
Dietary strategies to alter the immune response to acute inflammation have the potential to improve outcomes in critically ill patients. A eucaloric ketogenic diet (EKD), composed predominantly of fat with very small amounts of carbohydrate, can provide adequate caloric support while minimizing spikes in blood glucose and reducing oxidative stress. The(More)
Despite evidence that nutrition interventions reduce morbidity and mortality , malnutrition, including obesity, remains highly prevalent in hospitals and plays a major role in nearly every major chronic disease that afflicts patients. Physicians recognize that they lack the education and training in medical nutrition needed to counsel their patients and to(More)
Fish oil contains a complex mixture of omega-3 fatty acids, of which eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are the three predominant forms. There has been a plethora of previous research on the effects and associations of fish oil supplementation with various clinical manifestations. While the majority of(More)