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We undertook a prospective study to analyze cytomegalovirus (CMV) end-organ disease (EOD) in subjects with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Of 403 individuals without prior CMV EOD who were followed up for a median of 151 weeks, 56 died and 21 developed CMV EOD. Twenty of the subjects with CMV EOD had CD4 cell counts of < or =50(More)
Klebsiella pneumoniae producing Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) has been associated with serious infections and high mortality. The optimal antimicrobial therapy for infection due to KPC-producing K. pneumoniae is not well established. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients with bacteremia caused by(More)
Reference strains of HIV-1 from the NIH AIDS Research and Reference Reagent Program, including wild-type IIIB, G762-3, and AZT resistant with RT 215T-->Y (G910-11/AZT); 67D-->N, 70K-->R, 215T-->F, 219K-->Q (G691-2/AZT); as well as nevirapine (NEV) resistant with 181Y-->C (N119/NEV); and 103K-->N, 181Y-->C (A17/NEV), were subjected to quantitative parametric(More)
Eighteen episodes of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia were diagnosed in 13 patients among 336 with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cared for at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center since 1979. Bacterial pathogens isolated in 16 of 18 episodes were Haemophilus influenzae in 8, Streptococcus pneumoniae in 6, group B streptococcus in 1,(More)
The effects of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT), phosphonoformate (PFA), and 2',3'-dideoxythymidine (ddT) and their combination on human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) replication were studied by measuring the HIV-1 p24 antigen expression and reverse transcriptase (RT) release in HIV-1-infected MT4 cells in vitro. RT activity was also measured in a(More)
Reverse transcriptase has been detected in the serum of HIV-negative patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). An ALS-like disorder in HIV-positive patients can remit with antiretroviral therapy. Using the product enhanced assay technique, we measured reverse transcriptase activity in the serum and CSF of 23 HIV-negative patients with ALS and 21(More)
Enterobacter cloacae is a major nosocomial pathogen that causes serious infections, including bloodstream infections (BSIs). The clinical significance of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production in E. cloacae is not well established. A multicentre, retrospective, cohort study was conducted to identify clinical characteristics of patients with E.(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in subjects coinfected with HIV. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) are licensed for the treatment of HIV-1 and HBV infection, respectively, but both have in vivo and in vitro activity against HBV. This study evaluated the anti-HBV(More)
With the increased use of antibiotics and immunosuppressive agents, oropharyngeal candidiasis is becoming more common. This infection is also associated with such advances in medical management as chemotherapy and organ transplantation and with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Various topical and systemic agents are available to treat patients with(More)
Persons with AIDS who have CD4+ counts < or = 100 and transplant patients, especially bone marrow allograft recipients, may experience clinically significant infections with acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) or varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Patients who have received prior repeated acyclovir treatment appear to be at the highest risk of(More)