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This study poses two questions: 1) is there an abnormality in isokinetic skeletal muscle strength and endurance in mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? and 2) what is the effect of a randomized, controlled, 12 week hospital outpatient weight training programme in terms of skeletal muscle function and exercise tolerance? Upper and lower limb(More)
The effects of administration of one of four opiates (pethidine 1 mg/kg bodyweight (bwt), morphine 0.1 mg/kg bwt, methadone 0.1 mg/kg bwt, and butorphanol 0.05 mg/kg bwt) given intravenously to horses and ponies already sedated with detomidine (10 micrograms/kg bwt) were investigated. Behavioural, cardiovascular and respiratory effects of the combinations(More)
This paper reviews experience with two programs sponsored by the US Environmental Protection Agency* the Green Lights and Energy Star O$ce Products programs* that promote the adoption of energy-e$cient technologies through voluntary agreements with private sector "rms. The evidence suggests that Green Lights has induced "rms to make investments in(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to determine if a multimodal programme including physiotherapy and education could improve the symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee across various severities of disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy-two patients with osteoarthritis of the knee confirmed on radiographic evidence were referred over a 13-month(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To measure regional phasic myocardial red cell flux during a cardiac cycle using a laser Doppler velocimeter. (2) To test the responses of regional red cell flux to a vasodilator (adenosine), a vasoconstrictor (angiotensin II), and an inotrope (isoproterenol). METHODS Using an anaesthetised open-chest rabbit with the pericardium intact a(More)
The unilateral horizontal, triple cross-over and vertical hops are commonly used as outcome measures after knee injury but there is little knowledge of the number of repetitions needed to reach maximum performance. Seventy subjects who had either an anterior cruciate ligament deficient or reconstructed knee participated in this study. Unilateral vertical,(More)
We undertook a systematic review of 11 randomised controlled trials comparing patient outcomes in total knee arthroplasty in those who had undergone pre-operative physiotherapy-based interventions against control groups. Results show that there is little evidence that pre-operative physiotherapy brings about significant improvements in patient outcome(More)
AIM High-intensity exercise is time-limited by onset of fatigue, marked by accumulation of blood lactate. This is accentuated at maximal, all-out exercise that rapidly accumulates high blood lactate. The optimal active recovery intensity for clearing lactate after such maximal, all-out exercise remains unknown. Thus, we studied the intensity-dependence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Low-load exercise training with blood flow restriction (BFR) can increase muscle strength and may offer an effective clinical musculoskeletal (MSK) rehabilitation tool. The aim of this review was to systematically analyse the evidence regarding the effectiveness of this novel training modality in clinical MSK rehabilitation. (More)
OBJECTIVES Multiple myeloma is the second most common haematological cancer. A growing body of literature is emerging that investigates the role physical activity plays in all stages of multiple myeloma (prevention and survivorship) and to date no attempt has been made to collate and understand this literature. Therefore, this scoping review aims to (1)(More)