Bruce Osborne

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A comparison was made of annual net ecosystem productivity (NEP) of a closed canopy Sitka spruce forest over 2 years, using either eddy covariance or inventory techniques. Estimates for annual net uptake of carbon (C) by the forest varied between 7.30 and 11.44 t C ha−1 year−1 using ecological inventory (NEPeco) measures and 7.69–9.44 t C ha−1 year−1 using(More)
Invasions by alien plant species may substantially alter soil seed bank communities. While decreases in seed bank species richness, diversity, and composition as a consequence of plant invasions have been reported, the characteristics of seed banks associated with different invasive species have not been compared in any detail. Here, we describe changes in(More)
Invasions by alien plants provide a unique opportunity to examine competitive interactions among plants. While resource competition has long been regarded as a major mechanism responsible for successful invasions, given a well-known capacity for many invaders to become dominant and reduce plant diversity in the invaded communities, few studies have measured(More)
Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements were performed on the foliage of 3-year-old (11/2+11/2) nursery-grown Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] seedlings after exposure to controlled freezing temperatures, in the laboratory, to assess low temperature tolerance. The seedlings were propagated in an Irish nursery and lifted at monthly intervals(More)
Most research on the genetics of invasive plant species has focused on analyzing spatial differences among existing populations. Using a long-established Gunnera tinctoria population from Ireland, we evaluated the potential of using plants derived from seeds associated with different soil layers to track genetic variation through time. This species and site(More)
The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal infection by Glomus mosseae (Nicol. & Gerd.) Gerd. & Trappe on growth and photosynthesis of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Manitou) were investigated in sand culture at five levels of calcium phosphate (50, 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg P kg(-1) ). Mycorrhizal infection was low and varied with P supply, declining from 3.3%(More)
Measurements of the minimum photon requirement for photosynthesis can provide indirect evidence for the functioning of the photosystems (PS) in vivo at low light levels. Recent experimental ~alues for the minimum photon requirement (4~o, I or 4~1~) for photosynthesis indicate close agreement between measurement and theory (e.g., EThleringer~and Pearcy 1983,(More)
Gunnera is the only genus of angiosperms known to host cyanobacteria and the only group of land plants that hosts cyanobacteria intracellularly. Motile filaments of cyanobacteria, known as hormogonia, colonize Gunnera plants through cells in the plant's specialized stem glands. It is commonly held that Gunnera plants always possess functional glands for(More)
The growing economic and ecological damage associated with biological invasions, which will likely be exacerbated by climate change, necessitates improved projections of invasive spread. Generally, potential changes in species distribution are investigated using climate envelope models; however, the reliability of such models has been questioned and they(More)
While there is evidence that the genetic structure of invasive populations may be distinct from native populations, it has proved difficult to establish the causes of any variation owing in part to the range of evolutionary processes involved. In order to assess differences in the genetic structure of invasive populations of Gunnera tinctoria, five native(More)