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The study of the expression of alpha-galactosyl epitopes on various mammalian cells is of particular interest, since as much as 1% of circulating IgG antibodies in humans interact with this carbohydrate residue. This natural antibody, designated "anti-Gal," was previously found to bind to terminal Gal alpha 1----3Gal beta 1----4GlcNAc-R on biochemically(More)
Alpha3-fucosyltransferases (alpha3-FucTs) catalyze the final step in the synthesis of a range of important glycoconjugates that function in cell adhesion and lymphocyte recirculation. Six members of this family of enzymes have been cloned from the human genome, and their expression pattern has been shown to be highly regulated. Each enzyme has a unique(More)
Human alpha 1-->3fucosyltransferases constitute a family of closely related membrane-bound enzymes distinguished by differences in acceptor specificities and inherent protein biochemical properties. One such biochemical property is sensitivity to enzyme inactivation by sulfhydral-group modifying reagents such as N-ethylmaleimide. The basis for this property(More)
Anti-Gal is a natural antibody, which constitutes as much as 1% of circulating IgG in humans and displays a distinct specificity for the structure Gal alpha 1----3Gal. This glycosidic structure has been found on various tissues of many nonprimate mammals. A comparative study of the occurrence of anti-Gal versus the expression of the Gal alpha 1----3Gal(More)
A series of molecular biology experiments were carried out to identify the catalytic domain of two human alpha1,3/4-fucosyltransferases (fucosyltransferases (FucTs) III and V), and to identify amino acids that function in acceptor substrate binding. Sixty-one and 75 amino acids could be eliminated from the N terminus of FucTs III and V, respectively,(More)
The acceptor specificity of recombinant full-length, membrane-bound fucosyltransferases, expressed in COS-7 cells, and soluble, protein-A chimeric forms of alpha 1,3-fucosyltransferase (Fuc-T) III, Fuc-TIV, and Fuc-TV was analyzed toward a broad panel of oligosaccharide, glycolipid, and glycoprotein substrates. Our results on the full-length enzymes confirm(More)
A well-defined antigen/antibody system was used to evaluate the effect of immune tolerance on the spectrum of specificities of natural antibodies. The antibody used in this study, anti-Gal, is a naturally occurring, polyclonal IgG that constitutes 1% of the circulating IgG in humans. We have previously shown that anti-Gal, purified from AB sera,(More)
NCAM polysialylation plays a critical role in neuronal development and regeneration. Polysialylation of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is catalyzed by two polysialyltransferases, ST8Sia II (STX) and ST8Sia IV (PST), which contain sialylmotifs L and S conserved in all members of the sialyltransferases. The members of the ST8Sia gene family,(More)
The glycosylation enzyme alpha 1,3 galactosyltransferase, which synthesizes the carbohydrate Gal alpha 1-3Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc-R, is active in non-primate mammals, prosimians and New World monkeys, but not in Old World monkeys, apes and humans. In this study, we have cloned and sequenced the enzyme expressed in a New World monkey, determined the exact size of(More)