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The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, and therefore represent part of the total economic value of the planet. We have estimated the current economic value of 17 ecosystem services(More)
Keywords: Upper Mississippi River (UMR) floodplain Land use change Participatory modeling Group modeling Stakeholder participation Collaborative learning a b s t r a c t Complex ecosystems, such as the Upper Mississippi River (UMR), present major management challenges. Such systems often provide a range of ecosystem services that are differentially valued(More)
2 Project Summary When agencies and the public direct their attention to an environmental problem, they explicitly or implicitly bound that problem by associating it with a particular system at a particular scale. Proposed research will focus on the problem formulation phase of the decision process and on the role of spatial modeling in that process. The(More)
Anxiety is one of the main motivators with regards to performance of individuals in any given task, including sporting endeavours. Our study sought to assess state anxiety levels in elite non-professional sportsmen, and to investigate if anxiety correlated with sporting performance, the IDA-Q (irritability, depression & anxiety questionnaire) was used to(More)