Bruce M. Cohen

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Clozapine (CLZ) and its metabolites norclozapine (NOR) and clozapine-N-oxide (NOX) were assayed in rat serum and brain tissue after intraperitoneal injection of CLZ. Clozapine levels rose with dose, averaging 28 ng/ml (87 nmol/L) serum per milligram/kilogram dose. Brain- and serum-CLZ levels correlated closely, averaging 24-fold higher in brain.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine further the role of the amygdala in the recognition of facial expression in adolescents. METHOD Twelve healthy adolescents were studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging technology during a task of facial affect recognition and a visual control task. RESULTS All subjects demonstrated a significant increase in signal(More)
Preclinical and clinical studies suggest that females may be less vulnerable to cocaine's toxic effects than males. The pharmacokinetics of intravenous cocaine (0.2 and 0.4 mg/kg) were measured in 12 men and 22 women with a history of cocaine abuse, matched with respect to age and body mass index (BMI). Women were studied during the follicular and the(More)
Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia overlap in symptoms and may share some underlying neural substrates. The medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) may have a crucial role in the psychophysiology of both these disorders. In this study, we examined the functional connectivity between MPFC and other brain regions in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia using(More)
OBJECTIVE Psychotic affective disorders are the most prevalent idiopathic psychoses, but their outcome from onset has rarely been studied. In this study, the authors determined the rate and latency of syndromal recovery and rates of functional recovery after first lifetime hospitalization in patients with first-episode psychotic affective disorders. (More)
Fos expression in the rat brain was investigated by immunohistochemistry after i.p. administration of single doses of a wide range of typical neuroleptic antipsychotic drugs (including the potent dopamine D2 antagonist haloperidol and the mixed monoamine antagonist chlorpromazine) and atypical antipsychotic drugs (including the weak dopamine D2 antagonists(More)
The norepinephrine transporter critically regulates both neurotransmission and homeostasis of norepinephrine in the nervous system. In this study, we report a previously uncharacterized and common A/T polymorphism at -3081 upstream of the transcription initiation site of the human norepinephrine transporter gene [solute carrier family 6, member 2 (SLC6A2)].(More)
Alterations in brain high-energy phosphate metabolism, determined by in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), have been reported in subjects with a number of brain disorders including major depression, schizophrenia, and substance abuse. It is not clear to what extent these changes can be modified by pharmacological or nutritional means. To address(More)
The clinical use of antipsychotic agents may be enhanced by considering their dose-effect characteristics. In particular, assessment of immediate and later follow-up treatment of psychotic patients (1) indicates that moderate doses are adequate for most patients, (2) fails to support the utility of unusually high doses, and (3) even suggests the existence(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to test the feasibility of using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine changes in cortical activation in response to verbal tasks in two brain regions. METHOD Twelve schizophrenic patients and 11 comparison subjects underwent functional MRI of the frontal and temporal lobes. Stimulus sequences were(More)