Bruce L. Tufts

Learn More
Teleost fishes, living in fresh water, engage in active ion uptake to maintain ion homeostasis. Current models for NaCl uptake involve Na(+) uptake via an apical amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC), energized by an apical vacuolar-type proton pump (V-ATPase) or alternatively by an amiloride-sensitive Na(+)/H(+) exchange (NHE) protein, and(More)
It is well established that the gills of teleost fish contain substantial levels of cytoplasmic carbonic anhydrase (CA), but it is unclear which CA isozyme(s) might be responsible for this activity. The objective of the current study was to determine if branchial CA activity in rainbow trout was the result of a general cytoplasmic CA isozyme, with kinetic(More)
A leading edge 90 nm technology with 1.2 nm physical gate oxide, 50 nm gate length, strained silicon, NiSi, 7 layers of Cu interconnects, and low k CDO for high performance dense logic is presented. Strained silicon is used to increase saturated NMOS and PMOS drive currents by 10-20% and mobility by > 50%. Aggressive design rules and unlanded contacts offer(More)
This study investigates the early evolution of vertebrate red blood cell (rbc) carbonic anhydrase (CA) by examining the physiological and molecular properties of rbc CA in teleost fish. When representatives of four different families of teleosts were compared, it was found that differences in overall rbc CA activity were due to different concentrations of(More)
The physiological and biochemical signals that induce stress protein (HSP) synthesis remain conjectural. In this study, we used the nucleated red blood cells from rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, to address the interaction between energy status and HSP gene expression. Heat shock (25 degrees C) did not significantly affect ATP levels but resulted in an(More)
CO2 transport properties of blood were examined in the lamprey Petromyzon marinus and the hagfish Myxine glutinosa. In order to evaluate possible chloride/bicarbonate exchange limitations, experiments were conducted under control conditions and in the presence of an ionophore to permit equilibrium distribution of chloride, bicarbonate, and protons across(More)
Carbonic anhydrase is a ubiquitous metalloenzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration/dehydration of carbon dioxide. To date, 16 different CA isozymes have been identified in mammals, and several novel isozymes have also been identified in non-mammalian vertebrates. These isozymes are involved in many physiological processes; however, one of the most(More)
In vivo experiments were conducted to determine how the physiological response to exhaustive exercise in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is affected by environmental temperature. The white muscle acid–base status (e.g. pH, PCO∑, HCO3 and DH+m) and metabolite (e.g. lactate, phosphocreatine, ATP and glycogen) content, and the acid–base status and lactate(More)
The effects of cell age on metabolism in the nucleated red blood cells of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined. Red blood cells were separated according to age using fixed-angle centrifugation. The mean erythrocyte haemoglobin concentration in old red blood cells was found to be 120 % of that in young red blood cells. In young red blood cells,(More)
The effect of body size on the white muscle acid–base and metabolite status was examined in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ranging in length from 8 to 54cm. Following 5min of exhaustive exercise, white muscle lactate concentration was approximately doubled (approximately 32 mmol g21) in larger fish than in smaller fish (approximately 16mmol g21).(More)