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Activation of the CLB gene cluster through the assembly of Mcm1p-Fkh2p complexes at target promoters is essential for mitotic entry and transition through M phase. We show that the activation of this mitotic transcriptional program is dependent on the recruitment of Ndd1p, a coactivator that performs its essential function by acting through Fkh2p. Although(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been implicated in the insulin-sensitizing actions of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), but it is not known whether TZD treatment can enhance tissue glucose uptake in response to AMPK activation. The present study investigated the influence of the TZD rosiglitazone on glucose turnover induced by intravenous infusion of the(More)
Loss of function of the tumor suppressor LKB1 occurs in 30% to 50% of lung adenocarcinomas. Because LKB1 activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which can negatively regulate mTOR, AMPK activation might be desirable for cancer therapy. However, no known compounds activate AMPK independently of LKB1 in vivo , and the usefulness of activating AMPK in(More)
Although chromosome 3p regions are the most frequent site for genetic alterations in small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), the extent of such abnormality in carcinoid tumors remained to be investigated. Moreover, the histogenetic and biological implications of these findings in non-carcinoid lung tumors remain unclear.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Processing of progastrin, the 80-amino acid precursor of the hormone gastrin, generates a variety of peptides with distinct distributions and biological activities. However, little is known regarding the expression, secretion, and biological activity of the 6-amino acid C-terminal flanking peptide (CTFP) of progastrin. The objectives were(More)
Loss of function of the tumor suppressor LKB1 occurs in 30% to 50% of lung adenocarcinomas. Because LKB1 activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which can negatively regulate mTOR, AMPK activation might be desirable for cancer therapy. However, no known compounds activate AMPK independently of LKB1 in vivo, and the usefulness of activating AMPK in(More)
During meiosis, the alignment of homologous chromosomes facilitates their subsequent migration away from one another to opposite spindle poles at anaphase I. Recombination is part of the mechanism by which chromosomes identify their homologous partners, and serves to link the homologs in a way that, in some organisms, has been shown to promote proper(More)
The response of six amino acid synthetic enzymes, including four concerned with arginine synthesis, one with histidine synthesis and one with lysine synthesis, to conditions of histidine and arginine limitation and to exogenously provided amino acids is described in Neurospora crassa. The activities of all these enzymes increased in response to lowered(More)
The pattern of cross-pathway regulation of the arginine synthetic enzyme ornithine carbamoyltransferase was investigated in Neurospora crassa, using single and double mutant auxotrophic strains starved for their required amino acids. These experiments show that starvation for histidine, tryptophan, isoleucine, valine or arginine can result in derepression(More)
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) system acts as a sensor of cellular energy status that is conserved in all eukaryotic cells. It is activated by increases in the cellular AMP:ATP ratio caused by metabolic stresses that either interfere with ATP production (eg, deprivation for glucose or oxygen) or that accelerate ATP consumption (eg, muscle(More)