Bruce J. Youngson

Learn More
Abnormal expression of homeobox genes may lead to the development of leukemias, lymphomas, and solid tumors. Expression of homeobox genes in mammary glands, however, has not been studied actively until recently. We have examined the expression of POU homeobox genes in human breast cancer cell lines and human breast tissue samples. Using a pair of degenerate(More)
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a non-invasive breast cancer, is usually treated by breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Randomized trials prove that the addition of radiotherapy (XRT) leads to lower rates of recurrence. Despite the evidence, half of women do not receive XRT after BCS. It is unknown how well clinicians identify women with low risk DCIS for(More)
BACKGROUND Lumpectomy followed by radiation is standard treatment for early breast cancer. Recently, the use of partial breast intraoperative radiation (IORT) has been developed, and patients selected for IORT should not have positive margins. This study's purpose was to identify factors predicting negative margins after lumpectomy. METHODS Patient age,(More)
PURPOSE Whole-breast radiation therapy (XRT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) may decrease the risk of local recurrence, but the optimal dose regimen remains unclear. Past studies administered 50 Gy in 25 fractions (conventional); however, treatment pattern studies report that hypofractionated (HF) regimens (42.4 Gy(More)
Background: The ability of gene profiling to predict treatment response and prognosis in breast cancers has been demonstrated in many studies using DNA microarray analyses on RNA from fresh frozen tumor specimens. In certain clinical and research situations, performing such analyses on archival formalin fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) surgical specimens(More)
Breast cancer is the most common solid tumor and the second most common cause of death in women. Despite a large body of literature and progress in breast cancer research, many molecular aspects of this complex disease are still poorly understood, hindering the design of specific and effective therapeutic strategies. To identify the molecules important in(More)
BACKGROUND In some patients, the radiocolloid used to perform sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for breast cancer appears in a number of lymph nodes and in different levels of the axilla. Most positive sentinel lymph node specimens (SLNSs) removed during SLNB are identified in level I of the axilla and within the first 4 SLNSs. Our objective was to verify(More)
PURPOSE To report the outcomes of a population of women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation and to evaluate the independent effect of boost radiation on the development of local recurrence. METHODS AND MATERIALS All women diagnosed with DCIS and treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women worldwide in terms of incidence and mortality. About 10% of North American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetime and 20% of those will die of the disease. Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease and biomarkers able to correctly classify patients into prognostic(More)
PURPOSE Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the breast is a rare breast cancer variant and optimal management is unclear. A review of this unusual tumour was performed at our Institution, to assess the role of breast conservation in the management of this disease. METHODS AND MATERIALS A review of all cases of ACC of breast (1960-2000) treated at Princess(More)