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People who report visual perceptual distortions, typically when reading, that are alleviated by using coloured filters are described as suffering from 'Meares-Irlen Syndrome'. A recent double-masked placebo-controlled trial showed that this condition cannot be solely explained as a placebo effect and that the beneficial filter is idiosyncratic and sometimes(More)
We describe a new octoploid species of African clawed frog (Xenopus) from the Lendu Plateau in the northern Albertine Rift of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. This species is the sister taxon of Xenopus vestitus (another octoploid), but is distinguished by a unique morphology, vocalization and molecular divergence in mitochondrial and autosomal(More)
The role of visual factors in dyslexia has been a long-standing source of controversy. Recent research has suggested that there may be a deficit of the transient visual subsystem in dyslexia. The evidence for this hypothesis comes principally from investigations of spatial and temporal contrast sensitivity and visual persistence. This evidence is reviewed(More)
A few nanograms of tetanus toxin injected into a rat hippocampus causes a chronic epileptic syndrome characterized by brief seizures that recur intermittently for about 6 weeks. Cognitive and other behavioural impairments persist after the seizures and other epileptic electrographic activity have remitted, and may be permanent. Our previous studies(More)
Scotopic sensitivity syndrome or the Irlen syndrome describes symptoms of asthenopia anamolous visual performance experienced while reading that are lessened by colored filters. One putative explantation for this condition relates to pattern glare: a hypersensitivity to repetitive patterns, including lines of print on a page. Experiment 1 used a(More)
Dyslexia has conventionally been attributed to a left hemisphere deficit affecting language skills. However, it has recently been suggested that two-thirds of dyslexic people have a lesion of the right posterior parietal lobe (RPPL) resulting in poor oculo-motor control. It has been reported that neurological patients with RPPL lesions commonly manifest a(More)
In two studies, the first in a school in Peterborough and the second in a school in Norwich, more than 233 children aged 8-12 years received either an orthoptic examination, or an optometric examination, together with an examination using coloured overlays and a test of reading fluency. In both studies more than one-third of the children reported visual(More)
The visual correlates of dyslexia are the subject of controversy, and much evidence suggests that they may include some aspects of binocular and accommodative function. These factors were investigated in 43 control and 39 dyslexic children, who were matched for age, sex and performance intelligence quotient. The dyslexic group exhibited significantly lower(More)
Pattern glare is characterised by symptoms of visual perceptual distortions and visual stress on viewing striped patterns. People with migraine or Meares-Irlen syndrome (visual stress) are especially prone to pattern glare. The literature on pattern glare is reviewed, and the goal of this study was to develop clinical norms for the Wilkins and Evans Pattern(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the associations between interictal pattern glare, visual stress, and visual triggers of migraine. BACKGROUND There has been relatively little research on the visual stimuli that can trigger migraine episodes. This is surprising, since if practitioners can obviate such triggers, then some attacks may be prevented. The existing(More)