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Responses of single chorda tympani fibers to mixtures of taste stimuli were studied in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus). Sucrose-best neurons showed significant suppression to quinine-sucrose mixtures compared to sucrose alone. Quinine may exert its effect as an opponent stimulus in the receptor cells at the second messenger level. This suppression(More)
Beidler's work in the 1950s showed that anions can strongly influence gustatory responses to sodium salts. We have demonstrated "anion inhibition" in the hamster by showing that the chorda tympani nerve responds more strongly to NaCl than to Na acetate over a wide range of concentrations. Iontophoretic presentation of Cl- and acetate to the anterior tongue(More)
The diverse chemical structures of stimuli that are bitter to humans suggest a need for multiple bitter receptors. Reactions of golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) to 1 mM quinine hydrochloride, 3 mM denatonium benzoate, 180 mM magnesium sulfate, 30-100 mM caffeine, and 1-1.5 mM sucrose octaacetate (SOA) were studied to address whether there are multiple(More)
Pathological classifications in current use for the assessment of glomerular disease have been typically opinion-based and built on the expert assumptions of renal pathologists about lesions historically thought to be relevant to prognosis. Here we develop a unique approach for the pathological classification of a glomerular disease, IgA nephropathy, in(More)
A series of studies was carried out in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) to determine whether polysaccharides have behavioral and neurophysiological characteristics that distinguish them from simple sugars. Behavioral studies utilized solutions of glucose, maltose, sucrose, Polycose, and glycogen in two-bottle preference tests and in tests of generalization(More)
Molecules of diverse chemical structure are sweet to humans and several lines of evidence (genetic, physiological, behavioral) suggest that there may be distinct sweet perceptual qualities. To address how many perceptual categories these molecules elicit in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), we studied patterns of generalization of conditioned taste aversions(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) is an important diagnostic procedure. Despite advances in its safety profile there remains a small but significant risk of bleeding complications. Traditionally, operators train to perform PRB through tutor instruction and directly supervised PRB attempts on real patients. We describe an approach to teaching(More)
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