Bruce I MacKinnon

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Responses of single chorda tympani fibers to mixtures of taste stimuli were studied in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus). Sucrose-best neurons showed significant suppression to quinine-sucrose mixtures compared to sucrose alone. Quinine may exert its effect as an opponent stimulus in the receptor cells at the second messenger level. This suppression(More)
The diverse chemical structures of stimuli that are bitter to humans suggest a need for multiple bitter receptors. Reactions of golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) to 1 mM quinine hydrochloride, 3 mM denatonium benzoate, 180 mM magnesium sulfate, 30-100 mM caffeine, and 1-1.5 mM sucrose octaacetate (SOA) were studied to address whether there are multiple(More)
Beidler's work in the 1950s showed that anions can strongly influence gustatory responses to sodium salts. We have demonstrated "anion inhibition" in the hamster by showing that the chorda tympani nerve responds more strongly to NaCl than to Na acetate over a wide range of concentrations. Iontophoretic presentation of Cl- and acetate to the anterior tongue(More)
A series of studies was carried out in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) to determine whether polysaccharides have behavioral and neurophysiological characteristics that distinguish them from simple sugars. Behavioral studies utilized solutions of glucose, maltose, sucrose, Polycose, and glycogen in two-bottle preference tests and in tests of generalization(More)
Molecules of diverse chemical structure are sweet to humans and several lines of evidence (genetic, physiological, behavioral) suggest that there may be distinct sweet perceptual qualities. To address how many perceptual categories these molecules elicit in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), we studied patterns of generalization of conditioned taste aversions(More)
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