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The adenoviral oncoprotein E1A induces progression through the cell cycle by binding to the products of the p300/CBP and retinoblastoma gene families. A new cellular p300/CBP-associated factor (P/CAF) having intrinsic histone acetylase activity has been identified that competes with E1A. Exogenous expression of P/CAF in HeLa cells inhibits cell-cycle(More)
p300/CBP is a transcriptional adaptor that integrates signals from many sequence-specific activators via direct interactions. Various cellular and viral factors target p300/CBP to modulate transcription and/or cell cycle progression. One such factor, the cellular p300/CBP associated factor (PCAF), possesses intrinsic histone acetyltransferase activity.(More)
We have studied the effects of sodium butyrate on DNA-mediated gene transfer in an effort to investigate interrelationships between chromatin structure and expression of recombinant plasmids. Our results demonstrate that butyrate affects the early stages of gene activity following DNA uptake at least two levels. First, the number of cells able to express(More)
Tissue culture cells from several mammalian species, including three primate lines, were transfected with recombinant vectors carrying Escherichia coli xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase or Tn5 aminoglycoside phosphotransferase dominant selectable markers. Human HeLa and SV40-transformed xeroderma pigmentosum cells exhibited stable transformation(More)
PCAF histone acetylase plays a role in regulation of transcription, cell cycle progression, and differentiation. Here, we show that PCAF is found in a complex consisting of more than 20 distinct polypeptides. Strikingly, some polypeptides are identical to TBP-associated factors (TAFs), which are subunits of TFIID. Like TFIID, histone fold-containing factors(More)
This study was designed to investigate the expression and molecular signaling of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) in cervical carcinomas. an autocrine/paracrine manner to enhance and sustain tumorigenesis in neoplastic cervical epithelial cells. It is likely that similar mechanisms may act in vivo to modulate tumorigenesis of cervical carcinomas.
Human diploid fibroblasts (HDF) complete a limited number of cell divisions before entering a growth arrest state that is termed replicative senescence. Two histone deacetylase inhibitors, sodium butyrate and trichostatin A, dramatically reduce the HDF proliferative life span in a manner that is dependent on one or more cell doublings in the presence of(More)
virus (RSV)–PP1, CMV-PP2A, CMV-PPIV, or CMV-PPV expression plasmid was cotransfected along with the reporter plasmid. Cells were treated with 1 nM Shh and assayed for reporter gene activity. 25. An internal control containing a 763-bp insert into the Sph I site of the Islet1 cDNA was transcribed in vitro to prepare sense-oriented RNA. One nanogram of this(More)
We have used paired-end sequencing of yeast nucleosomal DNA to obtain accurate genomic maps of nucleosome positions and occupancies in control cells and cells treated with 3-aminotriazole (3AT), an inducer of the transcriptional activator Gcn4. In control cells, 3AT-inducible genes exhibit a series of distinct nucleosome occupancy peaks. However, the(More)