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Spike-triggered averaging was used to extract the twitch tensions and contraction times of 144 motor units from the first dorsal interosseous muscle of four subjects for three different directions of static contraction: abduction of the index finger, flexion of the index finger, and adduction of the thumb coupled with flexion of the index finger (hereafter(More)
Clonus can interfere with self-care and rehabilitation of people with spinal cord injury. Our aim was to characterize clonus and to evaluate factors that influence clonus duration in muscles paralyzed chronically by spinal cord injury. Electromyographic activity was recorded from soleus and 7 other limb muscles (5 ipsilateral, 2 contralateral) during(More)
Surface electromyograms (EMG) and force were recorded during repeated involuntary spasms of paralyzed triceps surae muscles of four men with chronic cervical spinal cord injury. The firing rates of 78 medial gastrocnemius (MG) motor units also were recorded intramuscularly with tungsten microelectrodes. Spasms typically involved a relatively rapid rise,(More)
Spike-triggered averaging was used to determine the twitch tensions and contraction times of motor units in the abductor pollicis brevis muscle of two human subjects for two directions of isometric contraction: abduction and opposition of the thumb. During isometric contractions in each direction, the threshold force for motor-unit recruitment and the(More)
Muscle cramp was induced in the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle in four of seven subjects using unloaded maximal voluntary contraction of the triceps surae in the shortened position. Surface electromyography over the medial and lateral heads of gastrocnemius and the soleus muscles demonstrated that the muscle activity during cramp was localized to(More)
Medial gastrocnemius surface electromyographic activity and intramuscular electromyographic activity were recorded from six individuals with chronic cervical spinal cord injury to document the recruitment order of motor units during clonus. Four subjects induced clonus that lasted up to 30 s while two subjects induced clonus that they actively stopped after(More)
An exercise test was devised to investigate the relationship between power and endurance for treadmill running. The subjects were 19 males aged 21-25 yr (11 distance runners and 4 sprinters of provincial grade, and 4 non-competitive runners). Each subject ran to exhaustion on a treadmill at 15 km hr-1 at five different inclinations (31%-9%), giving maximum(More)
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