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AL-108 is the intranasal formulation of NAP (a peptide of eight amino acids, NAPVSIPQ). Phase IIa clinical results have recently shown that AL-108 has a positive impact on memory function in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), a precursor to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The clinical development of AL-108 has been based on extensive studies(More)
In a neural cell line, the secretion of excitatory amino acids in response to a depolarizing stimulus is potentiated by the addition of serotonin. The duration of this potentiation is dependent on the strength of the stimulus. Persistent secretory potentiation induced by a strong stimulus requires the activation of both serotonin and NMDA receptors.(More)
Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) is essential for brain formation. Peptide activity scanning identified NAP (NAPVSIPQ) as a small active fragment of ADNP that provides neuroprotection at very low concentrations. In cell culture, NAP has demonstrated protection against toxicity associated with the beta-amyloid peptide, N-methyl-D-aspartate,(More)
BACKGROUND In preclinical studies, davunetide promoted microtubule stability and reduced tau phosphorylation. Because progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is linked to tau pathology, davunetide could be a treatment for PSP. We assessed the safety and efficacy of davunetide in patients with PSP. METHODS In a double-blind, parallel group, phase 2/3 trial,(More)
Ac-208 is a plastocyanin-deficient mutant of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that contains only 2-3% of the wild-type level of plastocyanin-encoding mRNA and no detectable plastocyanin. Sequence analysis of the ac-208 plastocyanin-encoding gene reveals a single nucleotide insertion in the first exon compared with the wild-type gene; this alters the reading frame(More)
Genome-wide association studies have identified strong associations between the risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) and polymorphisms in the genes encoding α-synuclein and the microtubule-associated protein tau. However, the contribution of tau and its phosphorylated form (p-tau) to α-synuclein-induced pathology and neuronal dysfunction remains(More)
Ordinarily packaged in DNA, adenine deoxyribonucleotides are preferentially concentrated in erythrocyte and lymphocyte cytosol in adenosine deaminase (adenosine aminohydrolase, EC deficiency. A spectrum of cytosol enzyme activities are defined in terms of reaction velocities, K0.5s, and nucleotide partition after incubation with ribo- and(More)
Abnormal accumulation of α-synuclein is associated with several neurodegenerative disorders (synucleinopathies), including sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Genetic mutations and multiplication of α-synuclein cause familial forms of PD and polymorphisms in the α-synuclein gene are associated with PD risk. Overexpression of α-synuclein can impair essential(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS AL-108-211 was a placebo-controlled, ascending-dose study that explored the safety, tolerability and efficacy of 12 weeks of treatment with AL-108 in subjects with amnestic mild cognitive impairment. METHODS A total of 144 subjects were randomized in a 2:1 drug:placebo ratio. Subjects were enrolled into the low-dose group or placebo and(More)
Davunetide is the first neuroprotective peptide in its class, and has preclinical evidence for neuroprotective, neurotrophic and cognitive protective properties. Davunetide has also been shown to prevent apoptosis or programmed-cell death in a range of in vitro and in vivo models by promoting microtubule stabilization. Potential clinical uses of davunetide(More)