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We present a new application of positron emission tomography ("ntPET" or "neurotransmitter PET") designed to recover temporal patterns of neurotransmitter release from dynamic data. Our approach employs an enhanced tracer kinetic model that describes uptake of a labeled dopamine D2/D3 receptor ligand in the presence of a time-varying rise and fall in(More)
BACKGROUND The mesolimbic dopaminergic system is thought to mediate alcohol abuse and dependence. Determining the relationship between in vivo dopamine and the subjective response to alcohol could improve understanding of the mechanisms that lead to alcohol abuse and dependence. Here, we examined the relationship between dopamine D2 receptors in the nucleus(More)
BACKGROUND Although the incidence of cannabis abuse/dependence in Americans is rising, the neurobiology of cannabis addiction is not well understood. Imaging studies have demonstrated deficits in striatal D(2)/D(3) receptor availability in several substance-dependent populations. However, this has not been studied in currently using chronic cannabis users.(More)
Knowledge of the reproducibility of striatal [¹¹C]raclopride (RAC) binding is important for studies that use RAC PET paradigms to estimate changes in striatal dopamine (DA) during pharmacological and cognitive challenges. To our knowledge, no baseline test-retest data exist for nontreatment-seeking alcoholics (NTS). We determined the test-retest(More)
PURPOSE In studies where [(11)C]raclopride (RAC) positron emission tomography (PET) is used to assess changes in striatal dopamine, it is important to control for cognitive states, such as drug craving, that could alter dopamine levels. In cigarette smokers, transdermal nicotine patches (TNP) can control nicotine craving, but the effects of nicotine patches(More)
The NK(1) receptor radioligands 1-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-4-[(11)C]methyl-piperazine ([(11)C]BMP, [(11)C]) and {4-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-piperazine-1-yl}-acetic acid [(11)C]methyl ester ([(11)C]BME, [(11)C]) were synthesized for evaluation as new potential PET imaging agents for brain NK(1)(More)
INTRODUCTION Positron emission tomography scanning with radiolabeled phenyltropane cocaine analogs is important for quantifying the in vivo density of monoamine transporters, including the dopamine transporter (DAT). [(11)C]beta-CFT is useful for studying DAT as a marker of dopaminergic innervation in animal models of psychiatric and neurological disorders.(More)
Great progress has been made toward using small animal PET to assess neurochemical changes during behavior. [(18)F]fallypride (FAL) is a D(2)/D(3) antagonist that is sensitive to changes in endogenous dopamine, and, in theory, could be used to assess changes in dopamine during behavioral paradigms. Tail vein injections of tracer require restraint in awake(More)
D3 receptor radioligands (E)-4,3,2-[11C]methoxy-N-4-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl)butyl-cinnamoylamides (4-[11C]MMC, [11C]1a; 3-[11C]MMC, [11C]1b; and 2-[11C]MMC, [11C]1c) were synthesized for evaluation as novel potential positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agents for brain D3 receptors. The new tracers 4,3,2-[11C]MMCs were prepared by(More)