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We present a new application of positron emission tomography ("ntPET" or "neurotransmitter PET") designed to recover temporal patterns of neurotransmitter release from dynamic data. Our approach employs an enhanced tracer kinetic model that describes uptake of a labeled dopamine D2/D3 receptor ligand in the presence of a time-varying rise and fall in(More)
Studies with gallium-67 and three-phase bone imaging (TPBS), though very sensitive, are not very specific in evaluating suspected osteomyelitis (OM) that is superimposed upon other diseases causing increased bone turnover. A total of 57 patients with suspected OM were studied; this included 48 with increased bone turnover. All of the patients were studied(More)
(2R)-2-[[4-(6-fluorohex-1-ynyl)phenyl]sulfonylamino]-3-methylbutyric acid [(11)C]methyl ester ([(11)C]FMAME), a novel carbon-11 labeled matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor, has been synthesized for evaluation as new potential positron emission tomography (PET) cancer biomarker. [(11)C]FMAME was prepared by appropriate precursor(More)
BACKGROUND The mesolimbic dopaminergic system is thought to mediate alcohol abuse and dependence. Determining the relationship between in vivo dopamine and the subjective response to alcohol could improve understanding of the mechanisms that lead to alcohol abuse and dependence. Here, we examined the relationship between dopamine D2 receptors in the nucleus(More)
[(11)C]Choline has been evaluated as a positron emission tomography (PET) biomarker for assessment of established human prostate cancer tumor models. [(11)C]Choline was prepared by the reaction of [(11)C]methyl triflate with 2-dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) and isolated and purified by solid-phase extraction (SPE) method in 60-85% yield based on [(11)C]CO(2),(More)
Great progress has been made toward using small animal PET to assess neurochemical changes during behavior. [(18)F]fallypride (FAL) is a D(2)/D(3) antagonist that is sensitive to changes in endogenous dopamine, and, in theory, could be used to assess changes in dopamine during behavioral paradigms. Tail vein injections of tracer require restraint in awake(More)
Several methods have been proposed for the separation and labeling of white blood cells for the diagnosis of suspected infection. We retrospectively compared 105 patients imaged with 111In purified granulocytes (GRAN) to 106 patients imaged with 111In mixed leukocytes (MIX). We found that in acute infection the sensitivity of GRAN and MIX were both high and(More)
Transmural myocardial infarction in dogs produces denervation of sympathetic nerves in viable myocardium apical to the infarct that may be arrhythmogenic. It is unknown whether sympathetic denervation occurs in humans. The purpose of this study was to use iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), a radiolabeled guanethidine analog that is actively taken up(More)
Both interictal and ictal N,N,N'-trimethyl-N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-iodobenzyl)-1,3,propanediamine -single photon emission computed tomography (HIPDM-SPECT) were performed in 16 patients with medically intractable complex partial seizures. Ictal HIPDM-SPECT localized epileptic foci in 13 of 14 patients with unilateral temporal focus and provided(More)
HIPDM-Single photon emission computed tomography brain imaging was performed during interictal and ictal stages in three patients with complex partial seizures and secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures. In all three patients, interictal studies demonstrated decreased regional cerebral perfusion (rCP) and ictal studies showed increased rCP in the(More)