Bruce H. KenKnight

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Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy was shown to improve peripheral insulin sensitivity. However, the effects of chronic VNS therapy on brain insulin sensitivity, dendritic spine density, brain mitochondrial function, apoptosis and cognition in obese-insulin resistant subjects have never been investigated. Male Wistar rats (n = 24) were fed with either a(More)
The goal of this study is to assess the predictive capacity of computational models of transvenous defibrillation by comparing the results of patient-specific simulations to clinical defibrillation thresholds (DFT). Nine patient-specific models of the thorax and in situ electrodes were created from segmented CT images taken after implantation of the(More)
Conventional transvenous defibrillation is performed with an ICD using a dual current pathway. The defibrillation energy is delivered from the RV electrode to the superior vena cava (SVC) electrode and the metallic case (CAN) of the ICD. Biventricular defibrillation uses an additional electrode placed in the LV free wall with sequential shocks to create an(More)
1 Background Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Despite major strides made in the past decade regarding the treatment and prevention of heart disease, cardiac injury due to acute myocardial infarct (MI) remains a difficult and complicated problem to solve. When enough tissue damage occurs in the myocardium, the ability of(More)
Hypertension (HTN) is the single greatest risk factor for potentially fatal cardiovascular diseases. One cause of HTN is inappropriately increased sympathetic nervous system activity, suggesting that restoring the autonomic nervous balance may be an effective means of HTN treatment. Here, we studied the potential of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) to treat(More)
Intermittent vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) has emerged as a potential therapy to treat cardiovascular diseases by delivering electrical stimulation to the vagus nerves. The purpose of this study was to investigate the electrophysiological changes in the atrium resulting from long-term intermittent VNS therapy in the chronic myocardial infarction (MI) rat(More)
The goal of this study is to assess the predictive capacity of computational models of transvenous defibrillation by comparing the results of patient-specific simulations to clinically determined defibrillation metrics. Solutions for seven patient-specific models have been completed. The 3-D models of the thorax and in situ electrodes were created from(More)
Cardiovascular disease degrades the regulatory function of the autonomic nervous system. Cyclic vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an already FDA-approved therapy for drug-resistant epilepsy and depression, and has been shown to normalize autonomic function and improve objective measures of heart function and subjective measures of heart failure symptoms.(More)
Standard transvenous defibrillation is performed with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) using a dual-current pathway. The defibrillation energy is delivered from the right ventricle (RV) electrode to the superior vena cava (SVC) electrode and the ICD metallic housing. Clinical studies of biventricular defibrillation, which uses an additional(More)
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