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INTRODUCTION We previously reported that there is a high incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in dogs with myocardial infarction (MI), complete AV block (CAVB), and nerve growth factor (NGF) infusion to the left stellate ganglion (LSG). Whether or not QT interval prolongation underlines the mechanism of SCD was unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed(More)
The factors that contribute to the occurrence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with chronic myocardial infarction (MI) are not entirely clear. The present study tests the hypothesis that augmented sympathetic nerve regeneration (nerve sprouting) increases the probability of ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), and SCD in(More)
The objective of this study was to measure the defibrillation threshold (DFT) associated with different electrode placements using a three-dimensional anatomically realistic finite element model of the human thorax. Coil electrodes (Endotak DSP, model 125, Guidant/CPI) were placed in the RV apex along the lateral wall (RV), withdrawn 10 mm away from the RV(More)
BACKGROUND Right cervical vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) provides cardioprotective effects against acute ischemia-reperfusion injury in small animals. However, inconsistent findings have been reported. OBJECTIVE To determine whether low-amplitude, left cervical VNS applied either intermittently or continuously imparts cardioprotection against acute(More)
OBJECTIVE ANTHEM-HF evaluated a novel autonomic regulation therapy (ART) via either left or right vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty subjects (New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional class II-III, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%, left(More)
An automated method to estimate vector fields of propagation velocity from observed epicardial extracellular potentials is introduced. The method relies on fitting polynomial surfaces T(x, y) to the space-time (x, y, t) coordinates of activity. Both speed and direction of propagation are computed from the gradient of the local polynomial surface. The(More)
We characterized the relationship between systolic ventricular function and left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) in patients with heart failure (HF) and baseline asynchrony during ventricular stimulation. The role of preload in the systolic performance improvement that can be obtained in HF patients with LV stimulation is uncertain.We(More)
The goal of this study is to assess the predictive capacity of computational models of transvenous defibrillation by comparing the results of patient-specific simulations to clinical defibrillation thresholds (DFT). Nine patient-specific models of the thorax and in situ electrodes were created from segmented CT images taken after implantation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Electrical mapping studies indicate an interval of 40 to 100 ms between a defibrillation shock and the earliest activation that propagates globally over the ventricles (globally propagated activation, GPA). This study determined whether activation occurs during this interval but propagates only locally before being blocked (locally propagated(More)
Conventional transvenous defibrillation is performed with an ICD using a dual current pathway. The defibrillation energy is delivered from the RV electrode to the superior vena cava (SVC) electrode and the metallic case (CAN) of the ICD. Biventricular defibrillation uses an additional electrode placed in the LV free wall with sequential shocks to create an(More)