Bruce H. KenKnight

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The factors that contribute to the occurrence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with chronic myocardial infarction (MI) are not entirely clear. The present study tests the hypothesis that augmented sympathetic nerve regeneration (nerve sprouting) increases the probability of ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), and SCD in(More)
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy was shown to improve peripheral insulin sensitivity. However, the effects of chronic VNS therapy on brain insulin sensitivity, dendritic spine density, brain mitochondrial function, apoptosis and cognition in obese-insulin resistant subjects have never been investigated. Male Wistar rats (n = 24) were fed with either a(More)
The goal of this study is to assess the predictive capacity of computational models of transvenous defibrillation by comparing the results of patient-specific simulations to clinical defibrillation thresholds (DFT). Nine patient-specific models of the thorax and in situ electrodes were created from segmented CT images taken after implantation of the(More)
Conventional transvenous defibrillation is performed with an ICD using a dual current pathway. The defibrillation energy is delivered from the RV electrode to the superior vena cava (SVC) electrode and the metallic case (CAN) of the ICD. Biventricular defibrillation uses an additional electrode placed in the LV free wall with sequential shocks to create an(More)
1 Background Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Despite major strides made in the past decade regarding the treatment and prevention of heart disease, cardiac injury due to acute myocardial infarct (MI) remains a difficult and complicated problem to solve. When enough tissue damage occurs in the myocardium, the ability of(More)
Hypertension (HTN) is the single greatest risk factor for potentially fatal cardiovascular diseases. One cause of HTN is inappropriately increased sympathetic nervous system activity, suggesting that restoring the autonomic nervous balance may be an effective means of HTN treatment. Here, we studied the potential of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) to treat(More)
Intermittent vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) has emerged as a potential therapy to treat cardiovascular diseases by delivering electrical stimulation to the vagus nerves. The purpose of this study was to investigate the electrophysiological changes in the atrium resulting from long-term intermittent VNS therapy in the chronic myocardial infarction (MI) rat(More)
The goal of this study is to assess the predictive capacity of computational models of transvenous defibrillation by comparing the results of patient-specific simulations to clinically determined defibrillation metrics. Solutions for seven patient-specific models have been completed. The 3-D models of the thorax and in situ electrodes were created from(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that triphasic defibrillation waveforms cause less myocardial injury than biphasic waveforms. This study compared the defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) of triphasic and biphasic waveforms. METHODS AND RESULTS ++DFTs were determined for a transvenous lead system and a 300-microF-capacitor defibrillator. In 8 pigs (group 1),(More)