Bruce Gilchrist

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Ciglitazone, 5-[4-(1-methylcyclohexylmethoxy) benzyl]-thiazolidine-2,4-dione, is a new hypoglycemic agent orally active in the obese-hyperglycemic animal models. In C57BL/6J-ob/ob mice, treatment with 100 mg/kg ciglitazone for 2 days elicited a drastic fall in blood glucose. It also decreased plasma insulin, triglycerides, and free fatty acids and food(More)
The fat pads isolated from control and ciglitazone-treated C57BL/6J-ob/ob mice and their lean littermates (-+/?) were incubated in vitro with glucose-1-14C/-5-3H in the presence of insulin. The formation of 14CO2 and 3H2O and the levels of free fatty acids and glycerol in the medium and the incorporation of 14C and 3H into esterified lipids and free fatty(More)
Data from the 1970 Census and the Department of Labor's Area Wage Surveys are used to derive estimates of the number of full-time programmers employed during the years 1969 through 1973. The 1973 figure of 180,000 is considerably less than suggested in earlier reports. It is recommended that educational administrators consider whether the many courses aimed(More)
After several years of chronic shortages of trained personnel, the economic recession of the past two years has resulted in some unemployment within the computer field. This unemployment has emphasized the long existing need for better overall manpower planning. Such planning can only be carried on successfully if reasonably reliable data and projections(More)
A brief review is given of the early estimates of the rate at which scanners would be installed in supermarkets and the resulting labor and consumer responses. The actual situation in 1979 is then discussed and detailed labor savings achieved by one supermarket chain are given. A fully scanner-equipped supermarket is estimated to have a 5 percent lower(More)
In a 1979 study entitled, "The Impact of Scanners on Employment in Supermarkets" (ISES)l we estimated that by the late 1980's, scanners could cause a job loss of approximately 3% in supermarkets . This is equivalent to 50,000 full time positions or as many as 100,000 part time positions . We also suggested that this job loss could disproportionately affect(More)
The impact of technology or automation on employment has been the subject of numerous studies. These have usually fallen into two categories. One group, by the "prophets of doom," predict a rapid move to mass unemployment. The other, by the proponents of automation, emphasize the critical importance of technological innovation to overall economic progress(More)