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The aims of this study were to examine long-term survival in a population-based sample of spinal cord injury (SCI) survivors in Great Britain, identify risk factors contributing to deaths and explore trends in cause of death over the decades following SCI. Current survival status was successfully identified in 92.3% of the study sample. Standardised(More)
Mortality, morbidity, health, functional, and psychosocial outcomes were examined in 834 individuals with long term spinal cord injuries. All were treated at one of two British spinal injury centres: the National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville Hospital or the Regional Spinal Injuries Centre in Southport; all were 20 or more years post injury.(More)
BACKGROUND A third version of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM III), made up of three subscales, was formulated following comments by experts from several countries and Rasch analysis performed on the previous version. OBJECTIVE To examine the validity, reliability, and usefulness of SCIM III using Rasch analysis. DESIGN Multicenter cohort(More)
PURPOSE To examine the third version of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM III) for reliability and validity in a multi-center cohort study. METHOD Four hundred and twenty-five patients with spinal cord lesions from 13 spinal cord units in six countries from three continents were assessed with SCIM III and the Functional Independence measure (FIM)(More)
Previous studies have estimated that between 25% and 45% of people with spinal cord injury report severe levels of chronic pain. Few studies have examined this longitudinally. This study examines the primary pain sites, intensity and variability of perceived pain in 76 patients, 6 weeks post injury and 45 patients from the same cohort, 8 year post(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of orthostatic (postural) hypotension (OH) and neck pain in a 'coat-hanger' occipito-cervical distribution in subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI), and their association. METHOD Blood pressure was measured during head-up tilt to 60 degrees (to determine OH) and neck pain was assessed in 28 subjects with SCI(More)
STUDY DESIGN Multi-centre, retrospective self-report postal survey. OBJECTIVES To characterise spinal cord injured (SCI) individuals with a stoma, their stoma management and outcomes, to identify sources of information and support for decision making and to explore the impact of a stoma on life satisfaction. SETTING Five UK spinal cord injury centres.(More)
One hundred and fifty three patients who had sustained a spinal cord injury more than 20 years previously were assessed neurologically and by MRI scanning of their spinal cords. The spinal cord pathologies shown were, in order of prevalence, extended atrophy, malacia, syrinx, cyst, disruption and tethering. There was no relationship between the prevalence(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 50-mg doses of sildenafil during a 28-day period in patients with erectile dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury (cord level range, T6 through L5). BACKGROUND Sildenafil is an orally active, potent, and selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 5, an important regulator of cyclic guanosine(More)
Twenty eight patients with severe, intractable spasticity have been treated by chronic intrathecal administration of baclofen. An implantable programmable drug-administration-device (DAD) was used with a permanent intrathecal catheter. Infusion of 50 to 800 micrograms/day of baclofen completely abolished spasticity. Follow-up was up to two years.(More)