Bruce G. Sutton

Learn More
Chilling during male gametophyte development in rice inhibits development of microspores, causing male sterility. Changes in cellular ultrastructure that have been exposed to mild chilling include microspores with poor pollen wall formation, abnormal vacuolation and hypertrophy of the tapetum and unusual starch accumulation in the plastids of the(More)
Throughout the wheat-growing regions of Australia, chilling temperatures below 2 °C occur periodically on consecutive nights during the period of floral development in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In this study, wheat plants showed significant reductions in fertility when exposed to prolonged chilling temperatures in controlled environment(More)
Pre-meiotic cellular organisation of rice anthers has a great significance in pollen formation. We have used a combination of confocal laser and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to characterise and differentiate organelles in pre-meiotic rice anthers. Along with the characteristic organelles in the cytoplasm the epidermal cells of the pre-meiotic rice(More)
A new method for designing subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) systems, referred to as the "soil pit method", is presented in this paper. The new method involves the installation of a trial irrigation system using thin-diameter polyethylene tube emitters. Soil water flow is then monitored by observation of the wetting front (WF) on the face of a soil pit. The(More)
This paper describes the design and use of modified solution samplers and non-weighing lysimeters in a field experiment examining the response of a turf-soil system to landfill leachate irrigation over a 2-year period. The two designs were shown to offer significant performance advantages, were cost effective and overcame many of the reported problems(More)
We have used fluorescent, confocal laser and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to examine cellular organisations, including callose (1,3-beta-glucan) behaviour, in meiotic and early post-meiotic rice anthers. These features are critical for pollen formation and provide information to better understand pollen sterility caused by abiotic stress in rice(More)
Malic acid isolated from Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lamk.) Oken (B. calycinum Salisb.), Bryophyllum tubiflorum Harv., Kalanchoë diagremontiana Hamet et Perrier and Sedum guatamalense Hemsl. after dark (14)CO(2) fixation was degraded by an in vitro NADP-malic enzyme technique. In the short term (5 to 30 seconds) the malic acid was almost exclusively labeled in(More)
We investigated whether arbuscular mycorrhizas influenced growth and survival of seedlings in an extremely impoverished and highly disturbed soil. Seedlings of four plants species native to the site were either inoculated with native sporocarpic arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi or fertilised prior to transplanting, and followed over 86 weeks at the site.(More)
Irrigating arbuscular mycorrhizal plants with leachate from a waste disposal centre was examined in a set of experiments. Application of leachate at half the average concentration found in the field or higher reduced the growth of the host plant, the initiation of mycorrhizal colonisation, and hyphal growth of the mycorrhizal fungus Glomus pellucidum(More)
The concentration of glucan, mucilage, soluble carbohydrates, and malic acid were determined in Opuntia bigelovii Engelm. during a 23-week period. The experiment began during the dry summer by irrigation to stimulate Crassulacean acid metabolism and was followed by 13 weeks of drought. After the 13-week drought period, the plants were irrigated throughout a(More)