Bruce E. Torbett

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PU.1 is a member of the ets family of transcription factors and is expressed exclusively in cells of the hematopoietic lineage. Mice homozygous for a disruption in the PU.1 DNA binding domain are born alive but die of severe septicemia within 48 h. The analysis of these neonates revealed a lack of mature macrophages, neutrophils, B cells and T cells,(More)
We have cloned two novel, alternatively spliced messages of human cyclin D-binding Myb-like protein (hDMP1). The known, full-length protein has been named hDMP1alpha and the new isoforms, hDMP1beta and hDMP1gamma. The hDMP1alpha, -beta, and -gamma splice variants have unique expression patterns in normal hematopoietic cells; hDMP1beta mRNA transcripts are(More)
The lineage-specific transcription factors GATA-1 and PU.1 can physically interact to inhibit each other's function, but the mechanism of repression of GATA-1 function by PU.1 has not been elucidated. Both the N terminus and the C terminus of PU.1 can physically interact with the C-terminal zinc finger of GATA-1. It is demonstrated that the PU.1 N terminus,(More)
Small molecule inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) have been extremely successful but are associated with a myriad of undesirable effects and require lifelong daily dosing. In this study we explore an alternative approach, that of inducing intracellular immunity using designed, zinc finger-based transcription factors. Three(More)
Trem2 is an orphan, DAP12 associated receptor constitutively expressed in vivo by subsets of microglia in the healthy adult murine CNS and in vitro by subsets of oligodendrocytes in neonatal mixed glial cultures. Loss of a functional Trem2 signaling pathway is the genetic cause of Nasu-Hakola disease. Whether the early onset cognitive dementia and(More)
Here we present the Transcription Factor Encyclopedia (TFe), a new web-based compendium of mini review articles on transcription factors (TFs) that is founded on the principles of open access and collaboration. Our consortium of over 100 researchers has collectively contributed over 130 mini review articles on pertinent human, mouse and rat TFs. Notable(More)
HIV-1-infected individuals can harbor viral isolates that can use CCR5, as well as CXCR4, for viral entry. To genetically engineer HIV-1 resistance in CD4(+) T cells, we assessed whether transient, adenovirus delivered zinc-finger nuclease (ZFN) disruption of genomic cxcr4 or stable lentiviral expression of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting CXCR4 mRNAs(More)
Animal donors such as pigs could provide an alternative source of organs for transplantation. However, the promise of xenotransplantation is offset by the possible public health risk of a cross-species infection. All pigs contain several copies of porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERV), and at least three variants of PERV can infect human cell lines in(More)
We have analyzed the patterns of induced cytokine gene expression and cell cycle activity by CD4+ cells from mice, and have examined how these response patterns change during the aging process. CD4+ cells were isolated from spleens of young adult and old C57BL/6NNia mice and were stimulated in vitro with plate-bound anti-CD3 epsilon mAb. The cells were then(More)
Studies of naturally occurring polymorphisms of the CCR5 gene have shown that deletion of the functional receptor or reduced expression of the gene can have beneficial effects in preventing HIV-1 infection or delaying disease. Because these polymorphisms are found in otherwise healthy people, strategies that aim to prevent or limit expression of CCR5 should(More)