Bruce D Williamson

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The Amazon basin is experiencing rapid forest loss and fragmentation. Fragmented forests are more prone than intact forests to periodic damage from El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) droughts, which cause elevated tree mortality, increased litterfall, shifts in plant phenology, and other ecological changes, especially near forest edges. Moreover, positive(More)
BACKGROUND In some patients with atrial fibrillation, the ventricular rate may be difficult to control with medications. We evaluated a radiofrequency catheter technique to modify atrioventricular conduction in atrial fibrillation in order to control the ventricular rate without creating pathologic atrioventricular block. METHODS We studied 19 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare in random fashion an anatomic and an electrogram mapping approach for ablation of the slow pathway of atrioventricular (AV) node reentrant tachycardia. BACKGROUND Ablation of the slow pathway in patients with AV node reentrant tachycardia can be performed by using either an anatomic or an(More)
Infection of leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana with conidial suspensions of the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea resulted in a large decrease in the level of ascorbic acid and increases in intensity of a single-peak free radical and Fe(III) (g=4.27) signals in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra. These changes were not confined to the spreading(More)
A reproducible and efficient transformation method was developed for Desi and Kabuli chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) using germinated seedlings as sources of explants. Slices derived from plumules were the most efficient at generating transformed shoots. The AGL1 Agrobacterium-treated explants were first incubated on thidiazuron-containing media, then(More)
R adiofiequency ablation of atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia has been shown to be an effective and safe treatment and to have a significant cost advantage over other forms of therapy.* In studies reported to date, patients were hospitalized for 2 to 10 days after slow pathway ablation to monitor for possible complications or a recurrence of(More)
A variety of experimental studies suggest that diastolic left ventricular (LV) function changes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but limited data exist on these changes in humans. To assess diastolic filling after AMI, 60 patients underwent Doppler echocardiographic examination within 24 hours of AMI. Of 54 patients who also underwent(More)
The role of active oxygen species has been studied in spreading soft-rot lesions caused by the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea Pers.:Fr. in leaves of four genotypes of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Large increases were observed for the aldehydic end-products of oxidative damage, malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, as a result of(More)
BACKGROUND Junctional ectopy may occur during radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of the slow pathway in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). The purpose of the present study was to characterize this junctional ectopy quantitatively. METHODS AND RESULTS The subjects of this study were 52 consecutive patients with AVNRT who(More)
The fungal metabolite botrydial was detected for the first time in ripe fruits of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) wound-inoculated with conidial suspensions of Botrytis cinerea and also in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris and Arabidopsis thaliana inoculated without wounding. This phytotoxin was produced in soft rot regions of the infection. In C. annuum, the(More)