Bruce D Morris

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Pheromone gland extracts of the Australian guava moth Coscinoptycha improbana (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae), contained four compounds that elicited responses from male moth antennae in gas chromatography-electroantennogram detection (GC-EAD) analyses. These were identified by GC-mass spectrometry as (Z)-7-tricosene (Z7-23Hy), (Z)-7-octadecen-11-one(More)
Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography coupled with electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) were used to identify volatile compounds from hawthorn fruit (Crataegus spp.) acting as behavioral attractants for hawthorn-infesting Rhagoletis pomonella flies. Consistent EAD activity was obtained for six chemicals: ethyl acetate (94.3%),(More)
Chemical investigation of a female balloon-like organ of the European chafer, Rhizotrogus majalis (Razoumowsky), with GC-EAD has resulted in the identification of female-specific compounds, (R)-3- hydroxybutan-2-one, (2R,3R)-2,3-butanediol, and meso-2,3-butanediol that are specifically EAD-active with male antennae. No behavioral role for any of the EAD(More)
The female-produced sex pheromone of the scarab beetle Phyllophaga lanceolata was identified as the methyl ester of an essential amino acid, L-leucine. During field testing, 239 male P. lanceolata were caught in traps baited with L-leucine methyl ester. L-Isoleucine and L-valine methyl esters, similar in structure to L-leucine methyl ester and previously(More)
Two diterpenoid alcohols, ent-kauran-16alpha-ol (1) and ent-atisan-16alpha-ol (2), were isolated from pre bloom (R3-R4 stage) sunflower heads as oviposition stimulants for the banded sunflower moth, Cochylis hospes. Fractionation of a sunflower head extract, by normal-phase flash column chromatography, resulted in an early eluting fraction exhibiting(More)
The banded sunflower moth (BSFM), Cochylis hospes Walshingham (Lepidoptera: Cochylidae) is a specialist insect, the larvae of which feed on sunflowers, Helianthus spp., and a few other species of Compositae. It is one of the most important pests of sunflower in the USA. Previous work on H. annuus, the cultivated sunflower, revealed two diterpenoids that(More)
The sex pheromone of the painted apple moth, Teia anartoides (Lymantriidae) was investigated using GC-EAD and GC-MS analysis, derivatization, TLC analysis, and field cage and field trapping bioassays. The major sex pheromone components were identified as (6Z,9Z)-henicosa-6,9-dien-11-one and (6Z,9Z)-henicosa-6,9-diene. Other minor components of pheromone(More)
A novel beta-lactone, vittatalactone (1), was isolated from collections of airborne volatile compounds from feeding male striped cucumber beetles, Acalymma vittatum. The structure of 1 was determined to be (3R,4R)-3-methyl-4-(1,3,5,7-tetramethyloctyl)oxetan-2-one by microderivatization, GC-MS, and NMR studies. The absolute configurations at C-2 and C-3 on(More)
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