Bruce D Forrest

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BACKGROUND Young children have a high incidence of influenza and influenza-related complications. This study compared the efficacy and safety of cold-adapted influenza vaccine, trivalent (CAIV-T) with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) in young children with a history of recurrent respiratory tract infections (RTIs). METHODS Children 6 to 71(More)
Children aged 11 to <24 months received 2 intranasal doses of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) or placebo, 35+/-7 days apart. Dose 1 was administered concomitantly with a combined measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (Priorix). Seroresponses to measles and mumps were similar between groups. Compared with placebo, response rates to rubella in(More)
The highly sensitive gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISPOT) assay permits the investigation of the role of cell-mediated immunity (CMI) in the protection of young children against influenza. Preliminary studies of young children confirmed that the IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay was a more sensitive measure of influenza memory(More)
BACKGROUND Despite their potential for increased morbidity, 75% to 90% of asthmatic children do not receive influenza vaccination. Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), a cold-adapted, temperature-sensitive, trivalent influenza vaccine, is approved for prevention of influenza in healthy children 5 to 19 years of age. LAIV has been studied in only a(More)
We have recently described the construction of a galE derivative of Salmonella typhi Ty2 (Ty2H1) which had a 0.4-kilobase deletion in the galE gene and was sensitive to galactose-induced lysis when cultured with greater than or equal to 0.06 mM galactose (D. M. Hone, R. Morona, S. Attridge, and J. Hackett, J. Infect. Dis. 156:167-174, 1987). We now report(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cold-adapted influenza vaccine, trivalent (CAIV-T) against culture-confirmed influenza in children 12 to <36 months of age during 2 consecutive influenza seasons at multiple sites in Asia. METHODS In year 1, 3174 children 12 to <36 months of age were randomized to receive 2 doses of(More)
BACKGROUND Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV; FluMist) is a trivalent vaccine containing cold-adapted influenza vaccine viruses that infect and replicate in cells lining the nasopharynx to induce immunity. Recovery of viruses (shedding) is measured by culture of nasal specimens. Shedding of vaccine viruses is not equated with transmission because(More)
BACKGROUND Live oral rhesus-rhesus-human rotavirus reassortant tetravalent (RRV-TV) vaccine was efficacious against rotavirus gastroenteritis but was withdrawn because of a rare association with intussusception. A corresponding tetravalent (types G1, G2, G3, and G4) reassortant vaccine based on bovine-human (UK) rotavirus reassortant tetravalent (BRV-TV)(More)
CONTEXT Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccines are not used routinely in infants and toddlers, the groups at highest risk of invasive disease, because of poor immunologic responses to the Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C polysaccharide in these age groups. Meningococcal C conjugate vaccines offer the prospect of circumventing this problem. OBJECTIVE To(More)
A live oral vaccine consisting of attenuated Salmonella typhi Ty21a expressing Vibrio cholerae O1 Inaba lipopolysaccharide (LPS) O antigen was constructed and tested in volunteers for safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy. Fourteen adults ingested three doses of 10(10) viable organisms with buffer. One month later, 8 vaccinees and 13 unimmunized controls(More)