Bruce Cornell

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Biosensors are molecular sensors that combine a biological recognition mechanism with a physical transduction technique. They provide a new class of inexpensive, portable instrument that permit sophisticated analytical measurements to be undertaken rapidly at decentralized locations. However, the adoption of biosensors for practical applications other than(More)
Three analogues of the helical ionophore gramicidin A have been synthesized with (13)C-labeled carbonyls ((13)C=O) incorporated at either Gly(2), Ala(3), or Val(7). A fourth compound incorporated (13)C at both the carbonyl and alpha-carbon of Gly(2) within the same molecule. These labels were studied using solid-state, proton-enhanced, (13)C nuclear(More)
It appears reasonable to expect that the primary result of a change in the length of the acyl chains within a lipid bilayer is a similar change in the bilayer thickness. In the present communication we draw attention to the somewhat more complicated effects which are found experimentally for phosphatidylcholine bilayers as the hydrocarbon chain is varied(More)
End-to-end helical dimers of gramicidin A form transmembrane pores in lipid bilayers, through which monovalent ions may pass. The groups within the peptide that interact with these ions have been studied by application of solid-state spectroscopic methods to a series of gramicidin A analogues synthesized with 13C in selected peptide carbonyl groups. The(More)
The helical polypeptide, gramicidin A has been widely studied as a model for the interactions of hydrophobic proteins with lipid bilayer membranes. Many reports are now available of the physical effects of mixing gramicidin A with phospholipid membranes, however, the interpretation of these data remains unclear. The purpose of this communication is to(More)
The stoichiometry of myelin basic protein (MBP)/dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) complexes and the location of protein segments in the micelle have been investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), ultracentrifugation, photon correlation light scattering, 31P, 13C, and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and electron microscopy. Ultracentrifugation(More)
The orientation dependence of the low frequency NMR relaxation time, T(1rho), of protons in aligned phospholipid bilayers was measured using 13C cross polarisation and direct proton experiments. The contribution of intra- and inter-molecular interactions to proton T(1rho) was determined by using dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) with one hydrocarbon(More)