Bruce Chalker

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A new method is proposed for the measurement of coral skeletal density by x-radiography. X-radiographs were made of sections cut from skeletons of massive corals of the genus Porites. Included on the x-ray film with each specimen were an aluminium step-wedge, a set of aragonite standards and several aluminium bars, all of measured thickness and density. The(More)
Reef-building corals from shallow waters are known to contain a suite of water soluble compounds (collectively named S-320) which strongly absorb near-UV light. Compounds of this type have now been isolated from the Pacific staghor coral Acropora formosa and identified as a series of mycosporine-like amino acids including mycosporine-Gly (λmax=310nm),(More)
Mixed cultures of bacteria, enriched from aquatic sediments, grew anaerobically on all three isomers of phthalic acid. Each culture grew anaerobically on only one isomer and also grew aerobically on the same isomer. Pure cultures were isolated from the phthalic acid (o-phthalic acid) and isophthalic acid (m-phthalic acid) enrichments that grew aerobically(More)
All shallow-water marine organisms have natural features and behaviours that can reduce exposure to UV radiation and limit the amount of photodamage to functional biomolecules and organelles. Protection from UV radiation often includes the production of UV-absorbing compounds which, in marine organisms, are usually mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) having(More)
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