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Some symptoms related to disequilibrium may not be detected by a clinical exam. Therefore, objective study is important in assessing balance. In this paper, methods to measure balance in computer posturography are compared. Center of pressure (COP) displacement, equilibrium score (ES) and postural stability index (PSI), the main measures of assessing(More)
CONTEXT Osteopathic manipulative medicine techniques involve compressive and tangential forces to target the fascia. These forces are transmitted to the skin and adipose tissue before the fascia is encountered. Knowing the extent of deformation of these 2 tissue layers relative to the fascia will assist osteopathic physicians in evaluating techniques for(More)
A mathematical model for computing stresses in sutured human skin wounds is presented. The model uses the incremental law of elasticity and elastic constants valid for in vivo orthotropic skin. The model is applied to compute the principal stress and displacements resulting from suturing small elliptical and circular wounds in a large flat sheet of skin, in(More)
Dynamic posturography has become an important tool for understanding standing balance in clinical settings. A key test in the NeuroCom International (Clackamas, Oregon) dynamic posturography system, the Sensory Organization Test (SOT), provides information about the integration of multiple components of balance. The SOT test leads to an outcome measure(More)
CONTEXT More research is needed to understand the flow characteristics of hyaluronic acid (HA) during motions used in osteopathic manipulative treatment and other manual therapies. OBJECTIVE To apply a 3-dimensional mathematical model to explore the relationship between the 3 manual therapy motions (constant sliding, perpendicular vibration, and(More)
Researchers, therapists, and physicians often use equilibrium score (ES) from the Sensory Organization Test, a key test in the NeuroCom EquiTest System (a dynamic posturography system) to assess stability. ES reflects the overall coordination of the visual, proprioceptive, and vestibular systems for maintaining standing posture. In our earlier article, we(More)
CONTEXT Although mathematical models have been developed for the bony movement occurring during chiropractic manipulation, such models are not available for soft tissue motion. OBJECTIVE To develop a three-dimensional mathematical model for exploring the relationship between mechanical forces and deformation of human fasciae in manual therapy using a(More)
In this paper, we computed fluid pressure and force on fascia sheets during manual therapy treatments using Squeeze Film Lubrication theory for non-Newtonian fluids. For this purpose, we developed a model valid for three dimensional fluid flow of a non-Newtonian liquid. Previous models considered only one-dimensional flows in two dimensions. We applied this(More)
The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of residual stresses and strains in the oscillating arteries on the stress distribution in the vascular wall. We employ a static theory of large elastic deformations for orthotropic material (Chuong and Fung, 1986, J. biomech. Engng 108, 189-192) with the acceleration term added to make the theory dynamic.(More)