Bruce Arroll

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OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of an activity programme in improving function, quality of life, and falls in older people in residential care. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial with one year follow-up. SETTING 41 low level dependency residential care homes in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS 682 people aged 65 years or over. INTERVENTIONS(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is common in primary care and clinicians are encouraged to screen their patients. Meta-analyses have evaluated the effectiveness of screening, but two author groups consistently reached completely opposite conclusions. METHODS We identified five systematic reviews on depression screening conducted between 2001 and 2009, three by(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity shows potential in combating the poor outcomes associated with depression in older people. Meta-analyses show gaps in the research with poor trial design compromising certainty in conclusions and few programmes showing sustained effects. METHODS/DESIGN The Depression in Late Life: an Intervention Trial of Exercise (DeLLITE) is(More)
  • Valery L. Feigin, Rita V. Krishnamurthi, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Kathryn M. McPherson, P. Alan Barber, Varsha Parag +17 others
  • 2015
BACKGROUND Insufficient data exist on population-based trends in morbidity and mortality to determine the success of prevention strategies and improvements in health care delivery in stroke. The aim of this study was to determine trends in incidence and outcome (1-year mortality, 28-day case-fatality) in relation to management and risk factors for stroke in(More)
INTRODUCTION Māori are disproportionately affected by cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the main reason for the eight year difference in life expectancy between Māori and non-Māori. The primary care-based IMPACT (IMProving Adherence using Combination Therapy) trial evaluates whether fixed dose combination therapy (a "polypill") improves adherence to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if allergy to cows milk was responsible for symptoms in two children. DESIGN Single patient trial. SETTING General Practice in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS Two children aged about 6 months INTERVENTION Alternating bottles of soya-based milk and cow's milk provided by neighbours over their back fence. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
BACKGROUND Problem gambling often goes undetected by family physicians but may be associated with stress-related medical problems as well as mental disorders and substance abuse. Family physicians are often first in line to identify these problems and to provide a proper referral. The aim of this study was to compare a group of primary care patients who(More)
AIM To assess nutrition curriculum guidelines for undergraduate medical education in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand to highlight potential opportunities for shared learning on the advancement of nutrition in medical education. METHODS A comprehensive list of professional bodies, councils,(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought successful strategies to recruit patient and practitioner participants for studies from primary care. METHODS We interviewed people who had participated and who had not participated in a randomised controlled trial that did not reach recruitment target and successful primary care researchers. The participants and non-participants were(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the basis for patient complaints about the oldness of most magazines in practice waiting rooms. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Waiting room of a general practice in Auckland, New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS 87 magazines stacked into three mixed piles and placed in the waiting room: this included non-gossipy magazines (Time magazine, the(More)