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PURPOSE Depression is common in primary care. There are no systematic reviews of depression treatment comparing antidepressants with placebo; hence, we do not know whether these medications are effective in primary care. METHODS We searched the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group register of controlled trials, MEDLINE,(More)
Objective To assess the long term effectiveness of the " green prescription " programme, a clinician based initiative in general practice that provides counselling on physical activity. Design Cluster randomised controlled trial. Practices were randomised before systematic screening and recruitment of patients. Setting 42 rural and urban general practices(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish the effect of an educational intervention for general practitioners on the health behaviours and wellbeing of elderly patients. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial with 1 year follow up. SETTING Metropolitan general practices in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS 42 general practitioners and 267 of their patients aged over 65 years.(More)
Objective To determine the diagnostic accuracy of two verbally asked questions for screening for depression. Design Cross sectional criterion standard validation study. Setting 15 general practices in New Zealand. Participants 421 consecutive patients not taking psychotropic drugs. Main outcome measures Sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios of the(More)
BACKGROUND There are no systematic reviews of corticosteroids for shoulder pain that calculate the numbers needed to treat. AIM We wished to determine the effectiveness in terms of improvement of symptoms of intra-articular and subacromial injections of corticosteroid for rotator cuff tendonitis and frozen shoulder. DESIGN OF STUDY Systematic review and(More)
Objective To compare the efficacy and tolerability of tricyclic antidepressants with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in depression in primary care. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Data sources Register of the Cochrane Collaboration's depression, anxiety, and neurosis group. Reference lists of initial(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the efficacy of intra-articular corticosteroid injections for osteoarthritis of the knee and to identify numbers needed to treat. DATA SOURCES Cochrane controlled trials register, Medline (1966 to 2003), Embase (1980 to 2003), hand searches, and contact with authors. INCLUSION CRITERIA Randomised controlled trial in which the(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is currently the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and its incidence is likely to increase. Multiple risk factors contribute to CVD. Elevated LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride levels, low HDL-cholesterol levels, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and smoking are key modifiable risk factors. Such risk factors(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous small studies in Aotearoa New Zealand have indicated a high prevalence of gout. This study sought to determine the prevalence of gout in the entire Aotearoa New Zealand population using national-level health data sets. METHODS We used hospitalization and drug dispensing claims for allopurinol and colchicine for the entire Aotearoa New(More)
BACKGROUND There is concern about the increasing resistance of antibiotics to common bacteria. Delayed prescribing for respiratory tract infections is a strategy that may reduce the use of antibiotics. AIM To systematically review controlled trials of delayed prescriptions to establish their capacity to reduce antibiotic intake. DESIGN OF STUDY A(More)