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OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that an impedance threshold device would increase systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and mean arterial blood pressure and delay the onset of symptoms and cardiovascular collapse associated with severe central hypovolemia. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, blinded trial design. SETTING Human physiology(More)
Adults and 8-month-olds were presented with sequences in which every third complex tone was either longer or more intense. Segmentation was measured by comparing the detection of silent gaps inserted into three possible locations in each pattern: Silent gaps inserted at perceived segmentation boundaries are harder to detect than gaps within perceived(More)
BACKGROUND Prehospital Emergency Medical Services have demonstrated variable success with regards to prehospital airway management in U.S. civilian settings. We attempted to identify the incidence of successful prehospital endotracheal intubations in the modern combat environment. METHODS This was a prospective, observational study. Data collection(More)
The prodrug fosphenytoin (FOS) was recently introduced as an alternative to phenytoin (PTN) and has since become a first line therapy for status epilepticus. Unlike PTN, FOS generally has been considered to be safe from cardiac toxicity. To better characterize cardiac toxicity associated with FOS administration, we performed a review of the Food and Drug(More)
Dietary supplements and their associated adverse events are not uncommon in the U.S. military, and selected dietary supplements have been associated with a number of nontraumatic deaths in service members. Specific ingredients and dietary supplement products in the civilian community are often associated with multiple adverse events and some have(More)
Long-term alcohol use confers neurochemical changes in response to alcohol's exogenous inhibitory effects. Downregulation and decreased sensitivity of γ-aminobutyric acid receptors render benzodiazepines less effective at controlling psychomotor agitation. Propofol has been reported to have successfully relieved alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) symptoms in(More)
More than 300 all-terrain vehicle (ATV) trauma deaths occur annually. Most experience to date focuses on the pediatric trauma. However, senior citizens constitute the fastest growing segment of ATV enthusiasts. We queried our trauma registry from January 1988 to December 2002 and found 200 total ATV accidents. There were 8 patients over age 60. We compared(More)