Bruce A. Rideout

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The Oriental white-backed vulture (OWBV; Gyps bengalensis) was once one of the most common raptors in the Indian subcontinent. A population decline of >95%, starting in the 1990s, was first noted at Keoladeo National Park, India. Since then, catastrophic declines, also involving Gyps indicus and Gyps tenuirostris, have continued to be reported across the(More)
We document causes of death in free-ranging California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus) from the inception of the reintroduction program in 1992 through December 2009 to identify current and historic mortality factors that might interfere with establishment of self-sustaining populations in the wild. A total of 135 deaths occurred from October 1992 (the(More)
When the fi rst patients with ILI in households were unvaccinated, ILI was observed in 59 of 136 children, yielding an SARb0 of 43.4%. Among 6 exposures caused by vaccinated fi rst patients, ILI developed in 1 person, yielding an SARb1 of 16.7%. Although not signifi cant (p = 0.40), the reduction in infectiousness by vaccination was estimated to be 1 –(More)
Hypertension is epidemic and currently affects 25% of the world's population and is a major cause of stroke, congestive heart failure, and end-stage renal disease. Interestingly, there is evidence that the increased frequency of hypertension is a recent event in human history and correlates with dietary changes associated with Westernization. In this(More)
Specific pathogen-free domestic cats with experimentally induced feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infections of short duration (less than or equal to 10 months) exhibited depressed total leukocyte and neutrophil numbers and a marginally decreased lymphocyte proliferative response to pokeweed mitogen (PWM), while cats with infections of more lengthy(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of preexisting FeLV infection or FeLV and feline immunodeficiency (FIV) coinfection on the pathogenicity of the small variant of Haemobartonella felis (Hfsm, California variant) in cats. ANIMALS 20 FeLV infected, 5 FeLV-FIV coinfected, and 19 retrovirus-free cats. PROCEDURES A client-owned cat, coinfected with FeLV(More)
Lymph nodes were collected at biopsy or necropsy from 18 cats with naturally acquired symptomatic feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection and from 18 seronegative cats. Thirty-five of the cats were domestic shorthairs and one was a Persian cross. The cats ranged from 7 months to 16 years of age and were mainly obtained from California veterinary(More)
Molecular and morphological data permit a rational subdivision of the paraphyletic Isospora into 2 apparently monophyletic groups of parasites, i.e., Isospora and Cystoisospora. Atoxoplasma was determined to be a junior objective synonym for Isospora. Tetrasporozoic, diplosporocystic oocysts possessing Stieda bodies in their sporocysts belong to Isospora(More)
Balamuthia mandrillaris is a newly described free-living amoeba capable of causing fatal meningoencephalitis in humans and animals. Because the number of human cases is rapidly increasing, this infection is now considered an important emerging disease by the medical community. A retrospective review of the pathology database for the Zoological Society of(More)