Bruce A. Molitoris

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INTRODUCTION Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex disorder for which currently there is no accepted definition. Having a uniform standard for diagnosing and classifying AKI would enhance our ability to manage these patients. Future clinical and translational research in AKI will require collaborative networks of investigators drawn from various(More)
Risk for ESRD among elderly patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) has not been studied in a large, representative sample. This study aimed to determine incidence rates and hazard ratios for developing ESRD in elderly individuals, with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD), who had AKI. In the 2000 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries, clinical(More)
The pathophysiology of ischemic acute renal failure (ARF) appears to involve a complex interplay between renal hemodynamics, tubular injury, and inflammatory processes. While the current paradigm of the pathophysiology of ischemic ARF invokes both sublethal and lethal tubular injury as being of paramount importance to diminished renal function, a growing(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) as a consequence of ischemia is a common clinical event leading to unacceptably high morbidity and mortality, development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and transition from pre-existing CKD to end-stage renal disease. Data indicate a close interaction between the many cell types involved in the pathophysiology of ischemic AKI,(More)
This study's objective was to determine the incidence and mortality of acute renal failure (ARF) in Medicare beneficiaries. Data were from hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries (5,403,015 discharges) between 1992 and 2001 from the 5% sample of Medicare claims. For 1992 to 2001, the overall incidence rate of ARF was 23.8 cases per 1000 discharges, with rates(More)
The origin of albuminuria remains controversial owing to difficulties in quantifying the actual amount of albumin filtered by the kidney. Here we use fluorescently labeled albumin, together with the powerful technique of intravital 2-photon microscopy to show that renal albumin filtration in non-proteinuric rats is approximately 50 times greater than(More)
Acute kidney injury induces the loss of renal microvessels, but the fate of endothelial cells and the mechanism of potential vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated protection is unknown. Cumulative cell proliferation was analyzed in the kidney of Sprague-Dawley rats following ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury by repetitive administration of BrdU(More)
The pathophysiology of ischemic acute renal failure (ARF) involves a complex interplay between renal hemodynamics, tubular and endothelial cell injury, and inflammatory processes. A growing body of evidence supports the contribution of altered renal vascular function, especially at the microvascular level, in initiating and subsequently extending the(More)
The establishment and maintenance of epithelial-cell polarity are prerequisites for normal epithelial-cell and organ function. Knowledge of the processes involved in cell polarity has provided insight into the mechanisms of cell dysfunction and the pathogenesis of several diseases. These insights should lead to the development of specific strategies aimed(More)