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BACKGROUND The incidence of swallowing dysfunction after brain injury is unknown. The efficacy of dysphagia therapy is also unknown. We reviewed our experience to define the incidence of swallowing dysfunction and efficacy of therapeutic intervention. METHODS Patients with brain injury sustained between January of 1996 and December of 1997 were reviewed.(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic surgery is safe and effective in the management of common abdominal emergencies. However, there is currently a lack of data about its use for emergency colorectal surgery. We hypothesized that laparoscopy can improve the postoperative outcomes of emergency restorative colon resection. METHODS Adult patients undergoing emergent open(More)
During the past 7 years 30 patients were diagnosed as having either ilioinguinal or genitofemoral entrapment neuralgia. A multidisciplinary approach (surgeon, neurologist, and anesthesiologist), as well as local blocks of the ilioinguinal nerve and/or paravertebral blocks of L-1 and L-2 (genitofemoral nerve), were essential to determine accurately which(More)
INTRODUCTION Obesity adds to the technical difficulty of colorectal surgery and is a risk factor for postoperative complications. We hypothesized that obese patients have increased morbidity and poor oncologic outcomes after proctectomy for rectal adenocarcinoma. METHODS Adult patients undergoing total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal adenocarcinoma(More)
OBJECTIVE Compare outcomes of non-emergent laparoscopic to open colon surgery. BACKGROUND Laparoscopy has revolutionized much of gastrointestinal surgery. Colon and rectal surgery has seen drastic changes with many of the abdominal operations being performed laparoscopically. However, data comparing recovery and complications in patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND The role of an antireflux procedure in the management of paraesophageal hernia is controversial. To address this issue, we reviewed our experience with selective use of antireflux procedures in patients with pure paraesophageal hernia (type II; n = 26) and those with a partial sliding component (type III; n = 11). PATIENTS AND METHODS Surgical(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis has been incriminated as a cause of Crohn's disease (CD); however, studies to date have been relatively small and generally only used a single diagnostic assay. The objective of the study was to reexamine the association of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis and CD using multiple diagnostic tests. Five methods were(More)
UNLABELLED Severe acute ulcerative colitis unresponsive to medical management is characterized by multiple associated risk factors including anemia, hypoproteinemia, and high steroid requirements when urgent surgery is required. Current surgical options include use of primary ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) vs. historic trends favoring colectomy with(More)
BACKGROUND Stadium crowd surges frequently occur following major athletic events. A recent crowd surge injured more than 80 persons by trampling and/or crushing. This incident was reviewed to identify injury patterns consistent with crush-related injury. In addition, the incident was reviewed to determine which stadium policy and design factors may have(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant diseases worldwide and the prognosis is still poor although much progress has been achieved in recent years. In order to reduce CRC-related deaths, many studies are aimed at identifying novel screening- and prognosis-related biomarkers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of 18-27-nucleotide(More)