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The cerebellum provides an excellent system for understanding how afferent and target neurons coordinate sequential intercellular signals and cell-autonomous genetic programs in development. Mutations in the orphan nuclear receptor RORalpha block Purkinje cell differentiation with a secondary loss of afferent granule cells. We show that early(More)
Nephronophthisis-related ciliopathies (NPHP-RC) are degenerative recessive diseases that affect kidney, retina, and brain. Genetic defects in NPHP gene products that localize to cilia and centrosomes defined them as "ciliopathies." However, disease mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we identify by whole-exome resequencing, mutations of MRE11,(More)
We describe here a transposon-based DNA sequencing strategy that allows the introduction of sequencing priming sites throughout a target sequence by bacterial mating. A miniplasmid was designed to select against transposon insertions into the vector. Sites of transposon insertion are mapped by the polymerase chain reaction with bacterial overnight cultures(More)
Chemical mutagenesis of the mouse is ongoing in several centers around the world, with varying estimates of mutation rate and number of sites mutable to phenotype. To address these questions, we sequenced approximately 9.6 Mb of DNA from G1 progeny of ethylnitrosourea-treated mice in a large, broad-spectrum screen. We identified 10 mutations at eight unique(More)
Organic anion and cation transporters (OATs, OCTs, OCTNs, and ORCTLs), transmembrane proteins essential to renal xenobiotic excretion, are encoded by a group of related genes. As yet there have been no studies of the transcriptional regulation of this important gene family. While such studies have traditionally been labor-intensive, comparative genomics(More)
We describe the construction and use of two classes of cDNA cloning vectors. The first class comprises the lambda EXLX(+) and lambda EXLX(-) vectors that can be used for the expression in Escherichia coli of proteins encoded by cDNA inserts. This is achieved by the fusion of cDNA open reading frames to the T7 gene 10 promoter and protein-coding sequences.(More)
BACKGROUND Excretion by the kidney of a variety of organic anionic drugs and metabolites is mediated by a family of multispecific organic anion transporters (OAT genes) that are part of the SLC22 family of solute carriers. Different OATs localize to the apical (OAT2, OAT4, and RST/URAT) or basolateral (OAT1/NKT and OAT3) membranes of the renal proximal(More)
The staggerer mutation was first identified at the Jackson Laboratory in 1955. In the ensuing half-century, studies of staggerer mice have provided new insights into developmental neurobiology, gene regulatory networks, and circadian behavior. Recent work has expanded the role of RORalpha, the transcription factor mutated in staggerer, to peripheral(More)
The catestatin fragment of chromogranin A is an endogenous inhibitor of nicotinic cholinergic transmission, functioning in negative feedback control of catecholamine secretion. We explored naturally occurring polymorphisms in the amino acid sequence of catestatin. Three human variants were identified: Gly364Ser, Pro370Leu, and Arg374Gln. Variants were(More)
Chromogranin A (CHGA) is stored and released from the same secretory vesicles that contain catecholamines in chromaffin cells and noradrenergic neurons. We had previously identified common genetic variants at the CHGA locus in several human populations. Here we focus on whether inter-individual variants in the promoter region are of physiological(More)