Bruce A. Evans

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Between-community variance or community-by-time variance is one of the key factors driving the cost of conducting group randomized trials, which are often very expensive. We investigated empirically whether between-community variance could be reduced by controlling individual- and/or community-level covariates and identified these covariates from four large(More)
Response data in longitudinal studies and group randomized trials are gathered on units that belong to clusters, within which data are usually positively correlated. Therefore, estimates and confidence intervals for intraclass correlation or variance components are helpful when designing a longitudinal study or group randomized trial. Data simulated from(More)
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