Bruce A Ellsworth

Learn More
The C-aryl glucoside 6 (dapagliflozin) was identified as a potent and selective hSGLT2 inhibitor which reduced blood glucose levels in a dose-dependent manner by as much as 55% in hyperglycemic streptozotocin (STZ) rats. These findings, combined with a favorable ADME profile, have prompted clinical evaluation of dapagliflozin for the treatment of type 2(More)
(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(3-(4-Ethoxybenzyl)-4-chlorophenyl)-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (dapagliflozin; BMS-512148) is a potent sodium-glucose cotransporter type II inhibitor in animals and humans and is currently under development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The preclinical characterization of dapagliflozin, to allow compound(More)
Inhibition of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2), the transporter that is responsible for renal re-uptake of glucose, leads to glucosuria in animals. SGLT-mediated glucosuria provides a mechanism to shed excess plasma glucose to ameliorate diabetes-related hyperglycemia and associated complications. The current study demonstrates that the proper(More)
An efficient and practical process to generate beta-C-arylglucoside derivatives was achieved. The process described involves Lewis acid mediated ionic reduction of a peracetylated 1-C-aryl methyl glucoside derived from the addition of an aryl-Li to selectively protected delta-D-gluconolactone. The reduction of the 2-acetoxy-1-C-oxacarbenium ion(More)
The cannabinoid CB(1) G protein-coupled receptor has been shown to be a regulator of food consumption and has been studied extensively as a drug target for the treatment of obesity. To advance understanding of the receptor's three-dimensional structure, we performed mutagenesis studies at human cannabinoid CB(1) receptor residues F200 and S383 and measured(More)
Structure-activity relationships for a series of pyrazine carboxamide CB1 antagonists are reported. Pharmaceutical properties of the series are improved via inclusion of hydroxyl-containing sidechains. This structural modification sufficiently improved ADME properties of an orally inactive series such that food intake reduction was achieved in rat feeding(More)
A novel series of pyrrolidine-containing GPR40 agonists is described as a potential treatment for type 2 diabetes. The initial pyrrolidine hit was modified by moving the position of the carboxylic acid, a key pharmacophore for GPR40. Addition of a 4-cis-CF3 to the pyrrolidine improves the human GPR40 binding Ki and agonist efficacy. After further(More)
An efficient and inexpensive LiI-promoted O- to N-alkyl migration of 2-benzyloxy-, 2-allyloxy-, and 2-propargyloxypyridines and heterocycles is reported. The reaction produces the corresponding N-alkyl 2-pyridones and analogues under green, solvent-free conditions in good to excellent yields (30 examples, 20-97% yield). This method has been shown to be(More)
Several strategies have been employed to reduce the long in vivo half-life of our lead CB1 antagonist, triazolopyridazinone 3, to differentiate the pharmacokinetic profile versus the lead clinical compounds. An in vitro and in vivo clearance data set revealed a lack of correlation; however, when compounds with <5% free fraction were excluded, a more(More)
A new LiI-promoted O- to N-alkyl migration has been developed for the conversion of O-alkylated 2-hydroxy pyridines, quinolines, and pyrimidines to the corresponding N-alkylated heterocycles in good to excellent yields (57-99%). This method serves as an efficient means for the preparation of N-benzyl pyridones, quinolones, and pyrimidones.
  • 1